Sigmoid colectomy is the removal of the sigmoid colon for any benign or malignant indication, including diverticulitis, volvulus, rectal prolapse, trauma, or malignancy. The procedure can be performed with either an open or laparoscopic approach depending on patient factors and surgeon experience. Potential advantages of a laparoscopic approach include faster recovery and a shorter hospital stay while remaining equivalent to open surgery in terms of oncologic outcomes. Currently, alternative methods including robotic and single site procedures are being further investigated.
KeywordsSigmoid Colectomy Anastomosis Laparoscopy Stapled Diverticulitis Volvulus Colon cancer
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