Advertisement

Laparoscopic Antireflux Surgery

  • Francesco Palazzo
  • Jad Khoraki
  • Guilherme M. CamposEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common disease. Established treatment options are lifestyle modifications, medications and laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery (LARS). In this chapter we present the definition of GERD, a basic diagnostic algorithm, indication for LARS and details of the common surgical techniques in use.

Keywords

Gastroesophageal reflux disease Esophageal reflux Hiatal hernia Esophagus Fundoplication Nissen Laparoscopic surgery 

References

  1. 1.
    Boeckxstaens G, El-Serag HB, Smout AJ, Kahrilas PJ. Symptomatic reflux disease: the present, the past and the future. Gut. 2014;63(7):1185–93.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Isolauri J, Luostarinen M, Isolauri E, Reinikainen P, Viljakka M, Keyrilainen O. Natural course of gastroesophageal reflux disease: 17–22 year follow-up of 60 patients. Am J Gastroenterol. 1997;92(1):37–41.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Orlando RC. The pathogenesis of gastroesophageal reflux disease: the relationship between epithelial defense, dysmotility, and acid exposure. Am J Gastroenterol. 1997;92(4 Suppl):3S–5. discussion 5S-7S.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Peery AF, Dellon ES, Lund J, Crockett SD, McGowan CE, Bulsiewicz WJ, Gangarosa LM, Thiny MT, Stizenberg K, Morgan DR, et al. Burden of gastrointestinal disease in the united states: 2012 update. Gastroenterology. 2012;143(5):1179–87. e1-3.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    DeVault KR, Castell DO. American college of gastroenterology. Updated guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Am J Gastroenterol. 2005;100(1):190–200.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kahrilas PJ. Clinical practice. gastroesophageal reflux disease. N Engl J Med. 2008;359(16):1700–7.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kahrilas PJ, Shaheen NJ, Vaezi MF, Hiltz SW, Black E, Modlin IM, Johnson SP, Allen J, Brill JV. American Gastroenterological Association. American gastroenterological association medical position statement on the management of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Gastroenterology. 2008;135(4):1383–91. e1-5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Stefanidis D, Hope WW, Kohn GP, Reardon PR, Richardson WS, Fanelli RD. SAGES guidelines committee. Guidelines for surgical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Surg Endosc. 2010;24(11):2647–69.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Campos GM, Peters JH, DeMeester TR, Oberg S, Crookes PF, Tan S, DeMeester SR, Hagen JA, Bremner CG. Multivariate analysis of factors predicting outcome after laparoscopic nissen fundoplication. J Gastrointest Surg. 1999;3(3):292–300.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jobe BA, Richter JE, Hoppo T, Peters JH, Bell R, Dengler WC, DeVault K, Fass R, Gyawali CP, Kahrilas PJ, et al. Preoperative diagnostic workup before antireflux surgery: an evidence and experience-based consensus of the esophageal diagnostic advisory panel. J Am Coll Surg. 2013;217(4):586–97.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Broeders JA, Roks DJ, Ahmed Ali U, Draaisma WA, Smout AJ, Hazebroek EJ. Laparoscopic anterior versus posterior fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux disease: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. Ann Surg. 2011;254(1):39–47.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Broeders JA, Broeders EA, Watson DI, Devitt PG, Holloway RH, Jamieson GG. Objective outcomes 14 years after laparoscopic anterior 180-degree partial versus nissen fundoplication: results from a randomized trial. Ann Surg. 2013;258(2):233–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mardani J, Lundell L, Engstrom C. Total or posterior partial fundoplication in the treatment of GERD: results of a randomized trial after 2 decades of follow-up. Ann Surg. 2011;253(5):875–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Engstrom C, Jamieson GG, Devitt PG, Watson DI. Meta-analysis of two randomized controlled trials to identify long-term symptoms after division of the short gastric vessels during nissen fundoplication. Br J Surg. 2011;98(8):1063–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lidor AO, Chang DC, Feinberg RL, Steele KE, Schweitzer MA, Franco MM. Morbidity and mortality associated with antireflux surgery with or without paraesophogeal hernia: a large ACS NSQIP analysis. Surg Endosc. 2011;25(9):3101–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Colavita PD, Belyansky I, Walters AL, Tsirline VB, Zemlyak AY, Lincourt AE, Heniford BT. Nationwide inpatient sample: have antireflux procedures undergone regionalization? J Gastrointest Surg. 2013;17(1):6–13. discussion p.13.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Niebisch S, Fleming FJ, Galey KM, Wilshire CL, Jones CE, Litle VR, Watson TJ, Peters JH. Perioperative risk of laparoscopic fundoplication: safer than previously reported-analysis of the american college of surgeons national surgical quality improvement program 2005 to 2009. J Am Coll Surg. 2012;215(1):61–8. discussion 68–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Funk LM, Kanji A, Scott Melvin W, Perry KA. Elective antireflux surgery in the US: an analysis of national trends in utilization and inpatient outcomes from 2005 to 2010. Surg Endosc. 2014;28(5):1712–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ganz RA, Peters JH, Horgan S, Bemelman WA, Dunst CM, Edmundowicz SA, Lipham JC, Luketich JD, Melvin WS, Oelschlager BK, et al. Esophageal sphincter device for gastroesophageal reflux disease. N Engl J Med. 2013;368(8):719–27.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lipham JC, Taiganides PA, Louie BE, Ganz RA, Demeester TR. Safety analysis of first 1000 patients treated with magnetic sphincter augmentation for gastroesophageal reflux disease. Dis Esophagus. 2014;28(4):305–11.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Dallemagne B, Weerts J, Markiewicz S, Dewandre JM, Wahlen C, Monami B, Jehaes C. Clinical results of laparoscopic fundoplication at ten years after surgery. Surg Endosc. 2006;20(1):159–65.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Morgenthal CB, Shane MD, Stival A, Gletsu N, Milam G, Swafford V, Hunter JG, Smith CD. The durability of laparoscopic nissen fundoplication: 11-year outcomes. J Gastrointest Surg. 2007;11(6):693–700.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesco Palazzo
    • 1
  • Jad Khoraki
    • 2
    • 3
  • Guilherme M. Campos
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryThomas Jefferson UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryUniversity of Wisconsin Hospital and ClinicsMadisonUSA
  3. 3.Department of SurgeryUniversity of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public HealthMadisonUSA
  4. 4.Division of Bariatric and Gastrointestinal Surgery, Department of SurgeryVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA

Personalised recommendations