Skip to main content

Jewish Life on Campus: From Backwater to Battleground

Part of the American Jewish Year Book book series (AJYB,volume 115)

Abstract

The past two decades have witnessed a dramatic shift in the extent and focus of concerns about Jewish life on campus. The Jewish community is increasingly occupied with the education of the next generation and the rise of anti-Semitism and anti-Israel sentiment on campus. Outreach to Jewish students—from the expansion of Hillel and Chabad to the flourishing of Birthright Israel, as well as the growth of Jewish and Israel Studies—have engaged formerly uninvolved students with Jewish education and Jewish life. This article describes the situation on campus: the proportion of Jewish students, Israel-related activity, and perceptions of anti-Semitism. It discusses academic programs such as Jewish and Israel Studies and informal programs, such as Hillel and Chabad, that engage students in Jewish life. It also describes organizations and programs, both experiential and advocacy-oriented, that help students identify and combat attempts to delegitimize Israel and intimidate Jewish expression.

Keywords

  • Young adults
  • Campus life
  • Jewish students
  • Anti-Semitism
  • Anti-Zionism
  • Emerging adulthood
  • Jewish Studies
  • Israel Studies
  • Israel on campus
  • Hillel
  • BDS

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-24505-8_2
  • Chapter length: 44 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   189.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-319-24505-8
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   249.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   249.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Notes

  1. 1.

    According to Cousens, “Hillel’s strategic planning process included the largest ever student survey of randomly selected Jewish undergraduate and graduate students conducted by pollsters Penn, Schoen and Berland, Inc. (PSB). PSB had emailed 500,000 individuals and screened for Jewish by religion or ethnicity. This produced 603 responses (502 undergraduates and 101 graduate students). Cousens does not report how the email list was constructed.

  2. 2.

    http://www.hillel.org/college-guide

  3. 3.

    http://www.hillel.org/about/what-is-a-hillel/small-campus-hillels

  4. 4.

    http://www.reformjudaism.org/sites/default/files/Col_TopCharts_f14_F_spreads.pdf

  5. 5.

    http://www.reformjudaism.org/sites/default/files/Col_TopCharts_f14_F_spreads.pdf

  6. 6.

    http://israelcc.org/

  7. 7.

    Weinberg surveyed undergraduates from 4-year colleges and universities “from across the country,” using university student lists and cell phone lists purchased from private firms. He over-sampled for Jewish (300) and Muslim (150) students and had 1400 total respondents.

  8. 8.

    The survey was conducted by Public Opinion Strategies, but the report does not discuss the sampling frame or response rate except to say that there were 800 respondents and that Jewish students were oversampled to produce 400 Jewish student responses and 400 from non-Jewish students.

  9. 9.

    Kosmin and Keysar used a non-probability sampling frame based on Distinctive Jewish Names (DJNs). No information is provided about how many invitations were emailed, the response rate, etc. Such information is critical for understanding the potential for bias and the utility of the findings.

  10. 10.

    http://www.adl.org/anti-semitism/united-states/c/campus-anti-semitic-incidents-2015.html#.VXcQqM9VhBc

  11. 11.

    http://web.archive.org/web/20070526144037/http://www.hillel.org/about/facts/who_what/default

  12. 12.

    http://web.archive.org/web/20070526144037/http://www.hillel.org/about/facts/who_what/default

  13. 13.

    http://bronfmancenter.org/staff

  14. 14.

    “Engagement” has become the buzzword of campus student groups and is used to refer to developing identity, knowledge, and attachment to Judaism, Jewish life, and Israel.

  15. 15.

    http://askbigquestions.org/about/why-hillel

  16. 16.

    http://www.marylandhillel.org/campuscorps/

  17. 17.

    http://uwhillel.org/home/studentlife/Jewish_Artists_Laboratory.aspx#…/../#../../Libraries/Artists_Lab/Event_017.jpg

  18. 18.

    http://iuhillel.org/clubs/p180/

  19. 19.

    http://hillel.harvard.edu/harvard-hillel-innovations-grant

  20. 20.

    http://chabad.edu/media/pdf/367/vbWs3673701.pdf

  21. 21.

    Private interview with Avi Weinstein, Director of Administration, Chabad on Campus International, January 20, 2015.

  22. 22.

    These numbers are taken from annual reports and an interview with the director of operations of Chabad on Campus.

  23. 23.

    http://www.psujew.com/templates/articlecco_cdo/aid/387558/jewish/Signature-Programs.htm

  24. 24.

    http://jliconline.org/

  25. 25.

    http://www.jta.org/2005/11/16/archive/what-do-students-want-on-campus-outreach-program-serves-orthodox-students-needs

  26. 26.

    http://www.aishinternational.com/aish-campus

  27. 27.

    http://olamiworldwide.com

  28. 28.

    http://meor.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/MEOR-2011-Annual-Report.pdf

  29. 29.

    http://meor.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/13/MEOR-2013-Annual-Report.pdf

  30. 30.

    http://masorticampus.org

  31. 31.

    http://urj.org//college

  32. 32.

    http://www.ajsnet.org/programs.php. See also Chap. 10a in this volume for a listing of Judaic Studies programs.

  33. 33.

    The authors are grateful to Steven M. Cohen for graciously sharing a draft of this publication.

  34. 34.

    http://www.israel-studies.com/vips

  35. 35.

    http://israelcc.org/

  36. 36.

    http://www.genocidepreventionnow.org/Home/HOLOCAUSTANDGENOCIDEREVIEWHGR/DirectoryofAcademicProgramsandCourses.aspx

  37. 37.

    http://www.clarku.edu/departments/holocaust/phd/index.cfm

  38. 38.

    http://www.uvm.edu/~uvmchs/

  39. 39.

    http://www.jewishculture.illinois.edu/academics/graduate/

  40. 40.

    https://sigmadeltatau.org/

  41. 41.

    http://sam.org/fraternity/about-us

  42. 42.

    http://www.zbt.org/who-we-are

  43. 43.

    http://www.aepi.org/about-aepi/mission-statement/

  44. 44.

    https://www.aephi.org

  45. 45.

    These statistics were collected from the fraternity and sorority national websites.

  46. 46.

    http://www.angelfire.com/ny5/bingjcsc0203/Target.htm

  47. 47.

    http://www.jrp.com/jewlip-jewish-womens-lunch-learn-initiative-penn

  48. 48.

    http://www.reformjudaism.org/sites/default/files/Col_TopCharts_f14_F_spreads.pdf

  49. 49.

    http://www.hcs.harvard.edu/~bagels

  50. 50.

    http://lgbtrc.cornell.edu/dos/cms/lgbt/organizations/haven/gaavah.cfm

  51. 51.

    http://www.uschillel.org/uschillel/student-life/center-for-jewish-trojan-engagement-and-identity/

  52. 52.

    http://www.nehirim.org/

  53. 53.

    http://challahforhunger.org

  54. 54.

    http://uvmhillel.org/Alternative_Spring_Break

  55. 55.

    http://www.tuftshillel.org/

  56. 56.

    http://www.stopbds.com/

  57. 57.

    http://www.openhillel.org/

  58. 58.

    The distancing hypothesis suggests that younger Jews are further from Israel emotionally than are older Jews.

  59. 59.

    http://www.onwardisrael.com/category/ou

  60. 60.

    http://www.tamidgroup.org/; http://www.slingshotfund.org/directory/tamid-israel-investment-group/

  61. 61.

    http://www.pacbi.org/etemplate.php?id=1749

References

  • Aaron, S., J. Feigelson, and D. Libenson. 2012. Ask Jethro: Two Chicago campus initiatives to reach and assess Jewish emerging adults. In Spirit of understanding, wisdom of the heart: The spiritual, social, and emotional in Jewish education, ed. Jeffrey S. Kress. Not yet published: URJ Press. http://www.bjpa.org/Publications/details.cfm?PublicationID=13558. Accessed March.

  • ADL. 2014. Anti-Israel activity on campus after operation protective edge: A preview of the 2014–2015 academic year. http://www.adl.org/assets/pdf/israel-international/israel--middle-east/campus-anti-israel-activity-report-2014-10-24.pdf. Accessed 25 Jan 2015.

  • Alba, R. 2006. On the sociological significance of the American Jewish experience: Boundary blurring, assimilation, and pluralism. Sociology of Religion 67(4): 347–358.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Armitage, D., H. Bhabha, E. Dench, J. Hamburger, J. Hamilton, S. Kelly, C. Lambert-Beatty, C. McDonald, A. Shreffler, and J. Simpson. 2013. The teaching of the arts and humanities at Harvard College: Mapping the future. Cambridge: Harvard College, Division of Arts and Humanities. http://artsandhumanities.fas.harvard.edu/files/humanities/files/mapping_the_future_31_may_2013.pdf. Accessed 3 Feb 2015.

  • Arnett, J.J. 2004. Emerging adulthood: The winding road from the late teens through the twenties. New York: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Arnett, J.J. 2007. Emerging adulthood: What is it, and what is it good for? Child Development Perspectives 1(2): 68–73.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Aronson, J.K., A. Koren, and L. Saxe. 2013. Teaching Israel at American universities: Growth, placement, and future prospects. Israel Studies 18(3): 158–178.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Arum, R., and J. Roksa. 2011. Academically adrift: Limited learning on college campuses. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Arum, R., and J. Roksa. 2014. Aspiring adults adrift: Tentative transitions of college graduates. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Astin, A.W., H.S. Astin, and J.A. Lindholm. 2011. Assessing students’ spiritual and religious qualities. Journal of College Student Development 52(1): 39–61.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Baime, J. (2015). Israel on campus: Now for the good news. In The Times of Israel, April 22. http://blogs.timesofisrael.com/israel-on-campus-the-rest-of-the-story/. Accessed 22 Apr 2015.

  • Band, A.J. 1966. Jewish studies in American liberal-arts colleges and universities. In American Jewish Year Book, ed. M. Fine and M. Himmelfarb, 1–30. New York: The American Jewish Committee.

    Google Scholar 

  • Band, A. 1989. Jewish studies: A generation later. Sh’ma 20(383): 17.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bard, M.G. 2004. Tenured or tenuous: Defining the role of faculty in supporting Israel on Campus. Washington, DC: Israel on Campus Coalition.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bard, M. G. and J. Dawson. 2012. Israel and the campus: The real story. https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/IsraelonCampusReport2012.pdf. Accessed 26 Jan 2015.

  • Barton, R.D., and A. Huffman. 2012. University of California Jewish student campus climate: Fact-finding team report & recommendations. Oakland: University of California.

    Google Scholar 

  • Baskin, J.R. 2011. Academic Jewish Studies in North America. In International handbook of Jewish education, vol. 5, ed. H. Miller, L. Grant, and A. Pomson, 657–668. Dordrecht: Springer.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Baskin, J.R. 2014. Jewish Studies in North American colleges and universities: Yesterday, today, and tomorrow. Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies 32(4): 9–26.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Bell, C., and A. Marvazy. 2014. Keshet and Hillel partner up (blog). January 22, http://www.hillel.org/about/news-views/news-views---blog/news-and-views/2014/01/22/keshet-and-hillel-partner-up. Accessed 12 Mar 2015.

  • Berger, E. 2014. Farm school sows leaders for a bountiful spring break. Jewish Exponent. January 9, http://jewishexponent.com/farm-school-sows-leaders-for-a-bountiful-spring-break. Accessed 11 Feb 2015.

  • Bernstein, D. and T. Young. 2012. A burning campus? Rethinking Israel advocacy at America’s universities and colleges. Boston: The David Project. http://www.davidproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2012524-ABurningCampus-RethinkingIsraelAdvocacyAmericasUniversitiesColleges.pdf. Accessed 6 Apr 2015.

  • Blumenfeld, W.J., and J.R. Klein. 2009. Working with Jewish undergraduates. New Directions for Student Services 2009(125): 33–38.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Bryant, A.N., and H.S. Astin. 2008. The correlates of spiritual struggle during the college years. The Journal of Higher Education 79(1): 1–27.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Charmé, S., and T. Zelkowicz. 2011. Jewish identities: Educating for multiple and moving targets. In International handbook of Jewish education, vol. 5, ed. H. Miller, L. Grant, and A. Pomson, 163–181. Dordrecht: Springer.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Chazan, B. and D. Bryfman. 2006. Home away from home: A research study of the Shabbos experience on five university campuses: Chabad on Campus International Foundation. http://www.bjpa.org/Publications/details.cfm?PublicationID=3623. Accessed 28 Jan 2015.

  • Cherry, C., B.A. DeBerg, and A. Porterfield. 2001. Religion on campus. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chertok, F., and A. Koren. 2014. Understanding the Israel fellows program: Program theory and implementation challenge. Waltham: Brandeis University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chertok, F., and N. Samuel. 2008. Learning to do good: Evaluation of UJA-Federation of New York’s Break New Ground Jewish Service Learning Initiative. Waltham: Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies, Brandeis University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chertok, F., N. Samuel, and J. Tobias. 2010. The second year: Evaluation of the Break New Ground Jewish service learning initiative. Waltham: Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies, Brandeis University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chertok, F., J. Gerstein, J. Tobias, S. Rosin, and M. Boxer. 2011. Volunteering + values: A repair the world report on Jewish young adults. Waltham: Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies, Brandeis University; Repair the World.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chertok, F., J. Tobias, M. Boxer, and S. Rosin. 2012. Opening the black box: Lessons from research on immersive Jewish service-learning programs for young adults. Journal of Jewish Communal Service 87(1/2): 31–43.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cohen, S. 2014. Profiling the Jewish Studies profession in North America: Highlights from the survey of AJS members. Association for Jewish Studies. http://www.ajsnet.org/survey.pdf.

  • Cohen, Steven, and Judith Veinstein. 2008. The 2008 Association for Jewish studies membership survey. Association for Jewish Studies. http://www.ajsnet.org/survey.pdf. Accessed 28 Apr 2015.

  • Cohen, S.M., and E. Kopelowitz. 2010. Journeys to Israel: The impact of longer-term programs upon Jewish engagement & Israel attachment. New York: Jewish Agency for Israel.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cohen, S., J. Ukeles, E. Kopelowitz, and M. Wolf. 2010. Assessing the impact of senior Jewish educators and campus entrepreneurs initiative interns on Jewish college students: Year two report 2009–2010. New York: Research Success Technologies, Ukeles Associates.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cousens, B. 2007. Hillel’s journey: Distinctively Jewish, universally human. Washington DC: Hillel. http://www.bjpa.org/Publications/details.cfm?PublicationID=4537. Accessed 23 Feb 2015.

  • DeAngelo, L., R. Franke, S. Hurtado, J. H. Pryor, and S. Tran. 2011. Completing college: Assessing graduation rates at four-year institutions. Los Angeles: Higher Education Research Institute, UCLA. http://heri.ucla.edu/DARCU/CompletingCollege2011.pdf. Accessed 22 Feb 2015.

  • Duchan, J.S. 2007. Collegiate a cappella: Emulation and originality. American Music 25(4): 477–506.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Eagan, K., E. B. Stolzenberg, J. J. Ramirez, M. C. Aragon, M. R. Suchard, and S. Hurtado. 2014. The American freshman national norms fall 2014. Los Angeles: Higher Education Research Institute, UCLA. http://www.heri.ucla.edu/monographs/theamericanfreshman2014.pdf. Accessed 5 Feb 2015.

  • Ellison, N.B., C. Steinfield, and C. Lampe. 2007. The benefits of Facebook “friends”: Social capital and college students’ use of online social network sites. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 12(4): 1143–1168.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Fejgin, N. 1995. Factors contributing to the academic excellence of American Jewish and Asian students. Sociology of Education 68(1): 18–30.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Fishkoff, S. 2009. The Rebbe’s army: Inside the world of Chabad-Lubavitch. New York: Schocken.

    Google Scholar 

  • Fleisch, E. 2007. Israel studies: A movement in the making. Brandeis University, Unpublished MA thesis.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gever, D. T. 2013. Contemporary campus Kiruv at Emory: Departing from “outreach” and “returning” to Judaism. Emory University, Unpublished MA thesis.

    Google Scholar 

  • Golden, D. 2002. In effort to lift their rankings, colleges recruit Jewish students. Wall Street Journal. April 29, http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB102003890421804360. Accessed 10 Feb 2015.

  • Halpern, B. 1981. What is anti-Semitism? Modern Judaism 1(3): 251–262.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Hartley III, H.V. 2004. How college affects students’ religious faith and practice: A review of research. College Student Affairs Journal 23(2): 111–129.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hartman, H., and I.M. Sheskin. 2013. Estimating the Jewish student population of a college campus. Journal of Jewish Communal Service 88(1–2): 95–109.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hearn, J.C., and A.S. Belasco. 2015. Commitment to the core: A longitudinal analysis of humanities degree production in four-year colleges. The Journal of Higher Education 86(3): 387–416.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Herman, A. 2013. The collegiate leadership internship program (CLIP). The Jewish Week. August 16. http://www.thejewishweek.com/videos/collegiate-leadership-internship-program-clip. Accessed 19 Feb 2015.

  • Irie, E. and J. Blair. 2008. Jewish service learning: What is and what could be. Berkeley: BTW Consultants, Inc. http://www.bjpa.org/Publications/details.cfm?PublicationID=3614. Accessed 17 Feb 2015.

  • Jacobson, J. 2001. The new Hillel: It’s not just about praying anymore. Chronicle of Higher Education. April 27. http://chronicle.com/article/The-New-Hillel-Its-Not-Just/7140/. Accessed 10 Feb 2015.

  • Jew Hatred on Campus. 2015. The 10 campuses with the worst anti-Semitic activity. February 21. http://www.jewhatredoncampus.org/news/10-campuses-worst-anti-semitic-activity. Accessed 23 Feb 2015.

  • Jick, L. 2005. Brandeis university and the remarkable development of Jewish studies in American universities. Unpublished manuscript.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kadushin, C., and E. Tighe. 2008. How hard is it to be a Jew on college campuses? Contemporary Jewry 28(1): 1–20.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Kamel, R. 2014. Women and the transformation of Jewish studies: An oral history of the association of Jewish studies women’s caucus: The Paula Hyman oral history project. Nashim: A Journal of Jewish Women’s Studies & Gender Issues 27(1): 129–158.

    Google Scholar 

  • Keysar, A., and B. Kosmin. 2004. “Eight up”: The college years: The Jewish engagement of young adults raised in Conservative synagogues, 1995–2003. New York: Jewish Theological Seminary.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kligman, M. 2001. Contemporary Jewish music in America. In American Jewish Year Book, 88–141. New York: American Jewish Committee.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kohlmann, M. 2008. Gayava hosts conference on Judaism, LGBT life. Columbia Spectator, February 7. http://columbiaspectator.com/2008/02/07/gayava-hosts-conference-judaism-lgbt-life. Accessed 9 Mar 2015.

  • Koren, A., and M. Boxer. 2011. The Summer Institute for Israel Studies 2004–2010. Waltham: Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies, Brandeis University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Koren, A., and E. Einhorn. 2010a. Expanding the study of Israel on campus: The American Israeli cooperative enterprise 2005–09. Waltham: Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies, Brandeis University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Koren, A., and E. Einhorn. 2010b. Searching for the study of Israel: A report on the teaching of Israel on U.S. college campuses 2008–2009. Waltham: Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies, Brandeis University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Koren, A., and E. Fleisch. 2014a. 2012–13 Israel studies report and directory. Waltham: Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies, Brandeis University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Koren, A., and E. Fleisch. 2014b. The Summer Institute for Israel Studies: The first decade and looking ahead. Waltham: Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies, Brandeis University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Koren, A., and E. Fleisch. 2015. 2013–14 Israel studies report and directory. Waltham: Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies, Brandeis University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Koren, A., M. Boxer, and N. Samuel. 2013a. The Summer Institute for Israel Studies: 2004–2012. Waltham: Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies, Brandeis University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Koren, A., N. Samuel, J.K. Aronson, L. Saxe, E. Aitan, and J. Davidson. 2013b. Searching for the study of Israel: A directory of courses about Israel on U.S. college campuses 2011–12. Waltham: Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies, Brandeis University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Koren, A., S. Fishman, and J.K. Aaron. 2015. The Israel literacy measurement project: 2015 report. Waltham: Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies, Brandeis University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kosmin, B., and A. Keysar. 2014. Demographic survey of American Jewish college students 2014. Hartford: Louis D. Brandeis Center for Human Rights Under Law, Trinity College.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kosmin, B., and A. Keysar. 2015. National demographic survey anti-Semitism report. Hartford: The Louis D. Brandeis Center, Trinity College.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kurihara, M. 2014. Students will hold first-ever Jewish feminism week next week. Columbia Daily Spectator, March 27. http://columbiaspectator.com/news/2014/03/27/students-will-hold-first-ever-jewish-feminism-week-next-week. Accessed 18 Feb 2015.

  • Kushner, K. 2009. The journey of identity development for Jewish millennial college students. Journal of the Indiana University Student Personnel Association, 29–42.

    Google Scholar 

  • Levine, A., and D.R. Dean. 2012. Generation on a tightrope: A portrait of today’s college student. San Francisco: Wiley.

    Google Scholar 

  • Loveland, K. 2008. The association for Jewish studies: A brief history. Vol. 40th annual conference, December 21–23, 2008. The Association for Jewish Studies. http://www.ajsnet.org/ajs.pdf. Accessed 18 Mar 2015.

  • MacDonald-Dennis, C. 2006. Understanding anti-Semitism and its impact: A new framework for conceptualizing Jewish identity. Equity & Excellence in Education 39(3): 267–278. doi:10.1080/10665680600792794.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Marcus, K.L. 2015. Is the boycott movement anti-Semitic? In The case against academic Boycotts of Israel, 243–258. Chicago/New York: MLA Members for Scholars’ Rights.

    Google Scholar 

  • McLeod H. G., and L. Bellows. 2012. Leveraging social networks for student engagement: Monitor Institute. http://www.hillel.org/docs/default-source/mcms-file-archives/monitor_institute_case_study_of_hillel.pdf?sfvrsn=2. Accessed 23 Feb 2015.

  • Meyer, M.A. 2004. Two persistent tensions within Wissenschaft des Judentums. Modern Judaism 24(2): 105–119.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Nadell, P. S. 2014. Jewish studies and Israel studies in the academy: Continuing the conversation, a report from the 2013 AJS conference. AJS News. http://ajsnet.org/wrapup2013.htm#nadell. Accessed 15 Feb 2015.

  • Nathan-Kazis, J. 2010. Chabad houses proliferating on campuses. The Forward. March 31, http://forward.com/news/126989/chabad-houses-proliferating-on-campuses/. Accessed 10 Feb 2015.

  • Nathan-Kazis, J. 2013. Repair the world’s new CEO David Eisner boosts volunteer funding. The Forward. February 6. http://forward.com/articles/170515/repair-the-world-s-new-ceo-david-eisner-boosts-v/?p=all. Accessed 27 Feb 2015.

  • Nelson, C., and G.M. Brahm. 2014. The case against academic boycotts of Israel. Detroit: Wayne State University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Palfrey, J., and U. Gasser. 2010. Born digital: Understanding the first generation of digital natives. New York: Basic Books.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pew Research Center. 2013. A portrait of Jewish Americans: Findings from a Pew research center survey of US Jews. Washington, DC: Pew Research Center. http://www.pewforum.org/2013/10/01/jewish-american-beliefs-attitudes-culture-survey/. Accessed 9 Mar 2015.

  • Pew Research Center. 2014. Hamas seen as more to blame than Israel for current violence. Washington, DC: Pew Research Center. http://www.people-press.org/2014/07/28/hamas-seen-as-more-to-blame-than-israel-for-current-violence/. Accessed 9 Mar 2015.

  • Poynter, K.J., and J. Washington. 2005. Multiple identities: Creating community on campus for LGBT students. New Directions for Student Services 2005(111): 41–47.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Redden, E. 2008. Why more colleges want Jewish students. Inside Higher Education. October 29. https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2008/10/29/jewish. Accessed 22 Feb 2015.

  • Reinharz, J. 2003. Israel in the eyes of Americans: A call for action. Waltham: Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies, Brandeis University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Renn, K.A. 2012. Mixed race students in college: The ecology of race, identity, and community on campus. New York: SUNY Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rosen, M.I. 2006. The remaking of Hillel: A case study on leadership and organizational transformation. Waltham: Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies, Brandeis University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rosen, M. I., S. Cohen, A. Levites, and E. Kopelowitz. (forthcoming). The Hertog study of Chabad.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rosov Consulting. 2014. Changes that stick: Revisiting the impact of onward Israel 2013. http://www.onwardisrael.com/userfiles/files/10%20month%20survey%20on%20cohort%202%202013-4.pdf

  • Rubin, D. 2013. Gay students bridge worlds at Rutgers Hillel: At national conference, talk of Israel, marriage, and the need for ‘safety’. New Jersey Jewish News. April 24. http://njjewishnews.com/article/17246/gay-students-bridge-worlds-at-rutgers-hillel#.VXisjPlVhBc. Accessed 17 Mar 2015.

  • Sales, A.L., and L. Saxe. 2006. Particularism in the university: Realities and opportunities for Jewish life on campus. New York: AVI CHAI.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sanua, M.R. 2003. Going Greek: Jewish college fraternities in the United States, 1895–1945. Detroit: Wayne State University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sasson, T., M.I. Rosen, L. Saxe, D. Selinger-Abutbul, and N. Samuel. 2008. Building MASA: An analysis of the US market for long-term programs in Israel. Waltham: Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies, Brandeis University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sasson, T., A. Koren, B. Phillips, S. Hecht, G. Wright, and L. Saxe. 2010. Making the most of Taglit: Combined Jewish philanthropies IACT initiative, a program evaluation. Waltham: Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies, Brandeis University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sasson, T., B. Phillips, G. Wright, C. Kadushin, and L. Saxe. 2012. Understanding young adult attachment to Israel: Period, lifecycle and generational dynamics. Contemporary Jewry 32(1): 67–84.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Sasson, T., L. Saxe, F. Chertok, M. Shain, S. Hecht, and G. Wright. 2015. Millennial children of intermarriage: Touchpoints and trajectories of Jewish engagement. Waltham: Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies, Brandeis University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Saxe, L., and B. Chazan. 2008. Ten days of Birthright Israel: A journey in young adult identity. Hanover: Brandeis University Press/University Press of New England.

    Google Scholar 

  • Saxe, L., T. Sasson, and S. Hecht. 2006. Taglit-Birthright Israel: Impact on Jewish identity, peoplehood, and connection to Israel. Waltham: Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies, Brandeis University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Saxe, L., B. Phillips, T. Sasson, S. Hecht, M. Shain, G. Wright, and C. Kadushin. 2009. Generation Birthright Israel: The impact of an Israel experience on Jewish identity and choices. Waltham: Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies, Brandeis University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Saxe, L., S. Fishman, M. Shain, G. Wright, and S. Hecht. 2013. Young adults and Jewish engagement: The impact of Taglit-Birthright Israel. Waltham: Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies, Brandeis University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Saxe, L., T. Sasson, and J.K. Aronson. 2015a. Pew’s portrait of American Jewry: A reassessment of the assimilation narrative. In American Jewish year book 2014, 71–81. Cham: Springer.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Saxe, L., T. Sasson, G. Wright, and S. Hecht. 2015b. Antisemitism on the college campus: Perceptions and realities. Waltham: Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies, Brandeis University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schmalzbauer, John. 2013. Campus religious life in America: Revitalization and renewal. Society 50(2): 115–131.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Schoenholtz, S. 2008. Hillel suspends JCSC fellowship. New Voices. September 23. http://newvoices.org/2008/09/23/0006-2/. Accessed 11 Mar 2015.

  • Shain, M., S. Hecht, and L. Saxe. 2014. US Jewish young adults react to the Gaza conflict. Waltham: Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies, Brandeis University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sherwin, B.L. 1989. Jewish studies at American colleges and universities. Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies 7(4): 48–56.

    Google Scholar 

  • Smith, C., and P. Snell. 2009. Souls in transition: The religious and spiritual lives of emerging adults. New York: Oxford University Press.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Soclof, A. 2013. Repair the world names David Eisner president and CEO. Jewish Telegraphic Agency. January 16, http://www.jta.org/2013/01/16/news-opinion/united-states/repair-the-world-names-david-eisner-president-and-ceo. Accessed 23 Feb 2015.

  • Solomont, E.B. 2005. Chabad makes major inroads at universities. The Jewish Daily Forward. August 26, http://forward.com/articles/2649/chabad-makes-major-inroads-at-universities/. Accessed 9 Mar 2015.

  • Stevens, R.A. 2004. Understanding gay identity development within the college environment. Journal of College Student Development 45(2): 185–206.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Swackhamer, L.E., B. Good, and S.H. Billig. 2013. Breaking for change: How Jewish service-learning influences the alternative break experience. Denver: Repair the World.

    Google Scholar 

  • Synnott, M.G. 1979. The admission and assimilation of minority students at Harvard, Yale, and Princeton, 1900–1970. History of Education Quarterly 19(3): 285–304.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Tighe, E., L. Saxe, R. M. Kramer, and D. Parmer. 2013. American Jewish population estimates: 2012. Last modified September. Waltham: Steinhardt Social Research Institute, Brandeis University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Tobin, D., G.A. Tobin, and S. Rubin. 2005. In every tongue: The racial & ethnic diversity of the Jewish people. San Francisco: Institute for Jewish & Community Research.

    Google Scholar 

  • Turkle, S. 1995. Life on the screen: Identity in the age of the internet. New York: Simon and Schuster.

    Google Scholar 

  • Turkle, S. 2011. Alone together: Why we expect more from technology and less from each other. New York: Basic books.

    Google Scholar 

  • Uecker, J.E., M.D. Regnerus, and M.L. Vaaler. 2007. Losing my religion: The social sources of religious decline in early adulthood. Social Forces 85(4): 1667–1692.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Ukeles, J., and S. Baker. 1994. Campus and community: Strengthening the identity of Jewish college students. New York: American Jewish Committee.

    Google Scholar 

  • Van Engen, J.A. 2000. The cost of short-term missions. The Other Side 36(1): 20–23.

    Google Scholar 

  • Vernon, E.H. 1992. Jewish studies courses at American and Canadian universities: A catalog. Cambridge, MA: Association for Jewish Studies.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wechsler, H.S., and P. Ritterband. 1983. Jewish learning in American universities: The literature of a field. Modern Judaism 3(3): 253–289.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Weinberg, A. W. 2015. A vision for coherent Israel education: The Makom Matrix, the right angle vector, and diagonal pedagogy. http://bir.brandeis.edu/bitstream/handle/10192/30512/WeinbergThesis2015.pdf?sequence=3. Accessed 4 June 2015.

  • Weinberg, A. 2011. Alone on the quad: The Institute for Jewish Community Research. http://www.jewishresearch.org/publications.htm. Accessed 2 Feb 2015.

  • Weiss, S. I. 2005. Gay Jewish groups take root on college campuses. The Forward. July 1. http://forward.com/articles/3741/gay-jewish-groups-take-root-on-college-campuses/. Accessed 9 Mar 2015.

  • Winick, E. 2013. Turn, turn, turn. Koach. June 9. http://www.koach.org/ezine/tamuz-5773/turn-turn-turn/. 3 Feb 2015.

  • Wistrich, R.S. 2003. The old-new anti-Semitism. The National Interest 72: 59–70.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wistrich, R. 2004. Anti-Zionism and anti-Semitism. Jewish Political Studies Review 16(3/4): 27–31.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgment

We are grateful to our colleagues at the Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies: to Ashley Perry and Brandon Pinsker for research assistance; to Charles Kadushin, Matthew Boxer, Janet Krasner Aronson, Ted Sasson, and Shahar Hecht for critical feedback and suggestions; and to Deborah Grant for editing the final document. We also wish to thank Mark Rosen and Steven Cohen for sharing early drafts of their research, Mitchell Bard (American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise) for his critical feedback, and Scott Brown (Hillel International), Etay Shisgal (Israel on Campus Coalition), Avi Weinstein (Chabad on Campus), and Ben Einsidler, Gilad Skolnik, and Samantha Rose Mandales (Camera) for agreeing to be interviewed for this chapter.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Annette Koren .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Appendix

Appendix

Israel organizations on campus

Organization Website Number of groups on campus Student fellowships or internships Goal Other programs
AIPAC http://www.aipac.org/connect/students   Diamond internships/other seminars Advocacy NGAUGE – “a system of connected online communities for pro-Israel campus activists”
Americans for Peace Now http://peacenow.org/page.php?name=apn-on-campus    Advocacy Spring internships, speakers bureau
Christians United for Israel (CUFI) http://www.cufioncampus.org/ 140 chapters plus 163 campuses with other presence   Advocacy DC summit, Israel advocacy mission, student advocacy, and leadership training
Hasbara Fellowships http://www.hasbarafellowships.org/   Hasbara fellowships Advocacy Planning and programming grants, social media initiatives
Israel Institute http://www.israelinstitute.org/   Summer internships Advocacy Year-long internships to graduates, doctoral and post-doctoral fellowships, research grants
Israel on Campus Coalition (ICC) http://israelcc.org/   Grinspoon morningstar fellowship Advocacy Solidarity grants, research on anti-Israel activity, research, academic network to mentor students
J Street U http://www.jstreetu.org 59 For students already in Israel spring semester, Advocacy Congressional Internship program, J Street and J Street U office internships
Middle East Forum/Campus Watch http://www.meforum.org/clubs.php 6 Unpaid internships – onsite and remote Advocacy Provides resources: logistical advice, seed funding, materials, and speakers for campus groups
StandWithUs http://www.standwithus.com/   Emerson fellowship Advocacy Guidance to existing student groups, campus campaigns
The David Project http://www.davidproject.org/ 32   Advocacy Professional campus coordinators, programming grants
The Israel Project http://www.theisraelproject.org/   Tower tomorrow fellowship Advocacy Israel tours Tower magazine
ZOA http://zoa.org/category/campus/   Student leadership mission to Israel Advocacy Student leadership mission to Israel, Regional campus coordinators
American–Israeli Cooperative Enterprise (AICE) https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/about/index.shtml    Advocacy Jewish Virtual Library, BDS Cookbook
AEPi http://www.aepi.org/ 126 chapters, 16 colonies Aish-AEPi Israel trip Advocacy/engagement  
Students for Israel     Advocacy/engagement Local student clubs such as Bruins for Israel at UCLA, Texans for Israel at UT, and Huskies for Israel at Northeastern University, etc.
Students Supporting Israel http://www.ssimovement.org/ 34   Advocacy/engagement  
Chabad http://www.chabad.edu/    Engagement IsraeLinks
Hillel International http://www.hillel.org/ 550 Masa Israel Journey internships Engagement Houses many pro-Israel organizations
Israel Campus Roundtable http://www.israelcampusroundtable.org/    Engagement Boston area trips to Israel, resources, IACT coordinators local and national, and gateway to other opportunities
Jewish Agency for Israel (JAFI) http://www.jewishagency.org/shlichim-israeli-emissaries/program/291    Engagement Israel Fellows Program; Israel Engaged Campus Pilot Program
Jewish National Fund (JNF) http://www.jnf.org/work-we-do/our-projects/education/college.html   JNF Campus Fellowship Program Experience Plant your way to Israel, Caravan for Democracy, Caravan for Democracy Mission, alternative spring break
Masa http://www.masaisrael.org/    Experience Grants for long-term Israel experiences
Onward Israel http://www.onwardisrael.com/   Internships Experience Grants for 6- to 10-week Israel experiences
Birthright Israel http://www.birthrightisrael.com/Pages/Default.aspx    Experience  
Scholars for Peace in the Middle East (SPME) http://spme.org/   Advanced scholars Faculty network  
Tamid http://tamidgroup.org/ 24 Tamid Fellowship (8 week summer internship in Israel) Investment group  
Anti-Defamation League (ADL) http://www.adl.org/education-outreach/campus-affairs/   Advocacy Mission; Student Advocacy and Leadership Training Other Handbooks on responding to anti-Semitism, Words to Action education program, anti-bias workshops, campus leaders mission to Israel
Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America (CAMERA) http://www.cameraoncampus.org/ 54 CAMERA fellowship Truth in media Advocacy trip to Israel, Less Hamas more Hummus, student leadership and advocacy training conference

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2016 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Koren, A., Saxe, L., Fleisch, E. (2016). Jewish Life on Campus: From Backwater to Battleground. In: Dashefsky, A., Sheskin, I. (eds) American Jewish Year Book 2015. American Jewish Year Book, vol 115. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24505-8_2

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24505-8_2

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-24503-4

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-24505-8

  • eBook Packages: Social SciencesSocial Sciences (R0)