Syncope: First Evaluation and Management in the Emergency Department
Epidemiological studies conducted in the USA have estimated that 30 % of the general population experiences at least one episode of syncope in their lifetime , which is responsible for about 1–3 % of admissions to the emergency department (ED) and 1–3 % of hospitalizations . In Italy, syncope accounts for 1–2 % of both admissions to the ED and all hospitalizations [3–7]. About half of the patients attending emergency facilities for syncope are subsequently hospitalized; the mean duration of hospitalization is about 8 days [3–7]. Moreover, in industrialized countries the progressive aging of the population, together with the higher prevalence of syncope among elderly subjects, are likely to increase the impact of syncope on healthcare systems in the near future .
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