Systems Integration, Human Factors, and Simulation

  • Kimberly P. Stone
  • Lennox Huang
  • Jennifer R. Reid
  • Ellen S. Deutsch
Part of the Comprehensive Healthcare Simulation book series (CHS)


A systems approach recognizes that complex systems, such as healthcare systems, consist of many components with complex interrelationships. A systems approach seeks to understand the relationships between the components and the whole, to gain a greater understanding of actions and events. Simulation can be used to understand the systems factors that affect healthcare delivery and patient safety, improving the quality and safety of care. This chapter will introduce the concept of systems and human factors and the role of simulation in systems integration. We will then provide frameworks that can be used to apply a systems approach to simulation, review specific case examples, and conclude with an overview of how simulation and hospital infrastructure can integrate to maximize the impact of systems integration.


Systems Human factors Lean Six Sigma DMAIC Safety I Safety II Systems integration In situ simulation Systems engineering Process improvement Latent safety threats Waste Improvement Root cause analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kimberly P. Stone
    • 1
  • Lennox Huang
    • 2
  • Jennifer R. Reid
    • 1
  • Ellen S. Deutsch
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Division of Emergency MedicineUniversity of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle Children’s HospitalSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsMcMaster University, McMaster Children’s HospitalHamiltonCanada
  3. 3.Department of Anesthesiology, Department of Critical Care MedicineThe Children’s Hospital of PhiladelphiaPhiladelphiaUSA
  4. 4.Pennsylvania Patient Safety AuthorityPlymouth MeetingUSA

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