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Essentials of Scenario Building for Simulation- Based Education

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Comprehensive Healthcare Simulation: Pediatrics


Scenario building, also referred to as scenario design, is a fundamental component of simulation-based medical education. When done effectively, the scenario can reliably meet the needs of the curriculum and the learners. This chapter explores the rationale for utilizing a formal scenario-building process, outlines many of the theoretical underpinnings important to the endeavor, and describes a practical, six-step approach to designing scenarios. Some of the topics explored in depth include curriculum design, teamwork/interprofessional education, fidelity/realism, the use of distraction, and confederates. The six-step approach involves identifying the target audience, learning objectives and simulator modalities, building a case summary, procuring staging needs (such as moulage, confederates, and adjuncts), writing the script, preprogramming the scenario where appropriate, and finally practicing or pilot-testing the scenario. A sample template is provided and common pitfalls are discussed.

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Correspondence to James L. Huffman BSc, MD, FRCPC .

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Huffman, J., McNeil, G., Bismilla, Z., Lai, A. (2016). Essentials of Scenario Building for Simulation- Based Education. In: Grant, V., Cheng, A. (eds) Comprehensive Healthcare Simulation: Pediatrics. Comprehensive Healthcare Simulation. Springer, Cham.

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  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-24185-2

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