Superconducting Nanowire Architectures for Single Photon Detection

  • Faraz Najafi
  • Francesco Marsili
  • Varun B. Verma
  • Qingyuan Zhao
  • Matthew D. Shaw
  • Karl K. Berggren
  • Sae Woo Nam
Chapter
Part of the Quantum Science and Technology book series (QST)

Abstract

Over the past decade, superconducting nanowire single photon detectors (SNSPDs) have emerged as a key enabling technology for quantum optics and free-space optical communication. We review the operating principle and the latest advances in the performance of SNSPDs, such as extending sensitivity into the mid infrared, and the adoption of amorphous superconducting films. We discuss the limits and trade-offs of the SNSPD architecture and review novel device designs, such as parallel and series nanowire detectors (PNDs and SNDs), superconducting nanowire avalanche photodetector (SNAPs), and nanowire arrays with row-column readout, which have opened the pathway to larger active area, higher speed and photon-number resolution.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Faraz Najafi
    • 1
  • Francesco Marsili
    • 2
  • Varun B. Verma
    • 3
  • Qingyuan Zhao
    • 1
  • Matthew D. Shaw
    • 2
  • Karl K. Berggren
    • 1
  • Sae Woo Nam
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer ScienceMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA
  2. 2.Jet Propulsion LaboratoryCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA
  3. 3.National Institute of Standards and TechnologyBoulderUSA

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