Developments in Corneal Banking
Eye banks are currently advancing to decrease the unnecessary manipulation of tissues in the operating theatre and reduce the high surgical skill or risk quotient for surgeries like EK or ALK. Development in the tissue storage techniques, surgical devices for advanced and selective surgery, modification and manipulation of the tissues, and designing new methodologies for ocular health care are now becoming a part of the eye bank activities. Apart from the research and development, eye banks are now taking a lead in standardizing and validating new procedures also for the clinics. Precut and preloaded tissues may potentially reduce the overall intervention costs and surgery time and enhance the surgical outcomes in the future. Synthetic media are being evaluated for corneal storage at 31–37 °C (organ culture) to replace serum. Manufacturing of surgical devices using three-dimensional (3D) printing may further enhance the capabilities of the eye banks. Thus, we envision that eye banks are growing not only in the field of procuring the tissues for transplantation but also in the field of research and development.
KeywordsEye bank Lamellar keratoplasty Corneal storage 3D printing and surgical device
This chapter has been modified from Parekh M, Ferrari S and Ponzin D: Eye Banking: An Overview. In: Eye Banking: Changing Face of Corneal Transplantation (2015) with permission from Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
The chapter was supported by 2014 - Società Oftalmologica Italiana (SOI) grant to Dr. Ponzin.
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