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Morphological Analysis and Generation of Monolingual and Bilingual Medical Lexicons

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Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS,volume 537)

Abstract

To efficiently extract and manage extremely large quantities of meaningful data in a delicate sector like healthcare requires sophisticated linguistic strategies and computational solutions. In the research described here we approach the semantic dimension of the formative elements of medical words in monolingual and bilingual environments. The purpose is to automatically build Italian–English medical lexical resources by grounding their analysis and generation on the manipulation of their consituent morphemes. This approach has a significant impact on the automatic analysis of neologisms, typical for the medical domain. We created two electronic dictionaries of morphemes and a morphological finite state transducer, which, together, find all possible combinations of prefixes, confixes, and suffixes, and are able to annotate and translate the terms contained in a medical corpus, according to the meaning of the morphemes that compose these words. In order to enable the machine to “understand” also medical multiword expressions, we designed a syntactic grammar net that includes several paths based on different combinations of nouns, adjectives, and prepositions.

Keywords

  • Morphosemantics
  • Machine translation
  • Dictionary population
  • Neoclassical formative elements

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Notes

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    www.nooj4nlp.net.

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    https://www.learnthat.org/.

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Correspondence to Serena Pelosi .

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Elia, A., Maisto, A., Pelosi, S. (2015). Morphological Analysis and Generation of Monolingual and Bilingual Medical Lexicons. In: Mahlow, C., Piotrowski, M. (eds) Systems and Frameworks for Computational Morphology. SFCM 2015. Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol 537. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-23980-4_10

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-23980-4_10

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