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Arm Motions of a Humanoid Inspired by Human Motion

  • Marija Tomić
  • C. Vassallo
  • C. Chevallereau
  • Aleksandar Rodić
  • Veljko Potkonjak
Conference paper
Part of the Mechanisms and Machine Science book series (Mechan. Machine Science, volume 38)

Abstract

New generations of humanoid robots are becoming more faithful copies of the human body. From the human point of view, besides the human’s look, the interest of humanoid robot can be in the more natural communication and interaction with human. Humanoid is also well adapted to environment dedicated to human, home or company. With morphology close to human one, it can be expected that the humanoid can replace the human in its task, but also that it can acquire human skills. Our objective is to generate anthropometric motion of humanoid robot inspired by human motion in everyday human activities. This can be done by imitation process, but in this context, each task has to be learned independently. Thus our approach consists in the search of the criterion used by human to achieve a task since the joint motion for achieving the same task is not unique. We will consider motions of the upper-body of the robots in which each arm has 7 degrees of freedom. Criteria that be explored are the minimization of the joint displacement, minimization of the kinetic energy and the proximity to ergonomic configuration. A study at the kinematic level based on generalized pseudo inverse of the Jacobian matrix is implemented. The joint motions obtained by minimization of the criterion are compared to the human motion adapted to the kinematic of the humanoid. The choice of the criterion optimized by the human is the one that corresponds to the smallest difference on joint configuration during all motion. Four different types of motion are considered.

Keywords

Human motion Inverse kinematics algorithm Capture motion system Humanoids 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is supported by Serbian Ministry of Science under the grant III44008, TR35003, SNSF IP SCOPES, IZ74Z0_137361/1 and ANR project Equipex Robotex.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marija Tomić
    • 1
  • C. Vassallo
    • 2
  • C. Chevallereau
    • 3
  • Aleksandar Rodić
    • 4
  • Veljko Potkonjak
    • 5
  1. 1.School of Electrical Engineering, SerbiaIMP, Belgrade, Serbia, and IRCCyN, Ecole Centrale de NantesNantesFrance
  2. 2.CNRS; LAAS; Université de Toulouse; UPS, INSA, INP, ISAE; LAASToulouseFrance
  3. 3.IRCCyN, Ecole Centrale de NantesNantesFrance
  4. 4.Robotics Laboratory IMPBelgradeSerbia
  5. 5.School of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia

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