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Rocky Reefs: Preserving Biodiversity for the Benefit of the Communities in the Aquarium of the World

  • Alexandra Sánchez-RodríguezEmail author
  • Octavio Aburto-Oropeza
  • Brad Erisman
  • Victoria M. Jiménez-Esquivel
  • Gustavo Hinojosa-Arango
Chapter
Part of the Ethnobiology book series (EBL)

Abstract

In the Gulf of California, the only recognized coral reef is Cabo Pulmo at the south tip of the Baja California peninsula. However, rocky reefs of this region play an important role since they act as important breeding, feeding, and nursery sites for a wide range of species and because of the ecosystem services they provide. Since the arrival of the first residents in the Baja California peninsula and for many centuries the rocky reefs have been important providers of resources for food, tools, jewelry, medicine, tourism, economic income, among others. The development of unplanned and disordered activities around the reefs has led to the deterioration of this ecosystem. Nowadays fishers tell stories about the abundance of resources in the region decades ago and how easy the fishing used to be in contrast to the current crisis in fishing. To overcome this problem an important strategy has been the implementation of a series of Marine Protected Areas along the Gulf of California established by the Mexican government. There are also important conservation efforts from the NGOs established in the area, including our long-term monitoring program, and voluntary Marine Reserves, that together with the communities are working in the conservation of rocky reefs in the Gulf of California for the benefit of all.

Keywords

Rocky reefs Gulf of California Ancient Californios Conservation Coastal communities Reef resources 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexandra Sánchez-Rodríguez
    • 1
    Email author
  • Octavio Aburto-Oropeza
    • 2
  • Brad Erisman
    • 2
  • Victoria M. Jiménez-Esquivel
    • 1
  • Gustavo Hinojosa-Arango
    • 3
  1. 1.Centro para la Biodiversidad Marina y la Conservación A.C.La PazMexico
  2. 2.Marine Biology Research DivisionScripps Institution of OceanographyLa JollaUSA
  3. 3.Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigación para el Desarrollo Integral RegionalXoxocotlánMexico

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