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Citrus Juices Health Benefits

  • Paul F. Cancalon
Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)

Abstract

The health benefits of fruits are believed to be due, in large part, to phytochemicals and among them polyphenols. Citrus fruit and juices are rich in flavonoids, the two more prominent being hesperidin in oranges and naringin in grapefruit. The most beneficial effects of citrus phytochemicals seem to be generated by dampening of chronic inflammation. This slow debilitating process, sometimes referred to as “the silent killer,” is considered to be at the root of most chronic diseases, including cardiovascular diseases (CVD), type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, dementia, and some forms of cancer. Citrus juices have been reported by epidemiological, in vitro, animal, and clinical studies to have a beneficial influence on most of those diseases. The most convincing clinical evidence is associated with reduction of the risk of development of CVD and improving cognitive activities and function. However, the benefits are mild and without the more dramatic effects expected with drug therapies. This review examines the beneficial health associations between citrus consumption and chronic diseases, particularly in the future area of epigenetics.

Keywords

Orange Grapefruit Citrus juices flavanones Signaling pathways Inflammation miRNA 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Florida Department of CitrusCRECLake AlfredUSA

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