Final Remarks

  • Annika Kangas
  • Mikko Kurttila
  • Teppo Hujala
  • Kyle Eyvindson
  • Jyrki Kangas
Part of the Managing Forest Ecosystems book series (MAFE, volume 30)


In this chapter, we discuss the overall selection of decision support tools and usefulness of decision support tools in general. First, we acknowledge the varying suitability of different methods for different purposes. After that, we discuss the possibilities of combining different decision support tools to improve the decision process and outcome. We illustrate the effect of information requirements on the selection of decision support tools. Furthermore, we discuss the requirements different tools set to the skills of the planning consultants, decision-makers and stakeholders. It is important that everyone involved is able to understand how the tools work and how the results should be interpreted. We provide practical recommendations on what type of decision support methods and tools suit different purposes, and what aspects need to be taken into account when making method choices. We conclude the chapter with summarising the most prevalent challenges in the development and use of decision support methods and tools for advancing multiple-purpose forestry.


Decision situation Multimethodology Uncertainties Optimisation methods Multi-criteria methods Planning consultants Facilitators Familiarity Comprehensibility of methods Interpretation of results Hybrid methods 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Annika Kangas
    • 1
  • Mikko Kurttila
    • 2
  • Teppo Hujala
    • 3
  • Kyle Eyvindson
    • 4
  • Jyrki Kangas
    • 5
  1. 1.Economics and SocietyNatural Resources Institute Finland (Luke)JoensuuFinland
  2. 2.Bio-based Business and IndustryNatural Resources Institute Finland (Luke)JoensuuFinland
  3. 3.Bio-based Business and IndustryNatural Resources Institute Finland (Luke)HelsinkiFinland
  4. 4.Department of Forest SciencesUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  5. 5.School of Forest SciencesUniversity of Eastern FinlandJoensuuFinland

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