Design of Wearable Health Monitoring Systems: An Overview of Techniques and Technologies

  • Amine Boulemtafes
  • Nadjib Badache
Part of the Annals of Information Systems book series (AOIS, volume 20)


Because of the increasing costs of healthcare, wearable health monitoring systems (WHMS) are catching a lot of attention of the research community. Such systems are more and more propelled by advances in technology such as miniaturization, sensing devices and wireless communications. This study aims to review and synthesis the main implementation techniques and technologies used to design WHM Systems on the basis of the typical WBAN three-tiers architecture where the Body Area Network (BAN) represents the key infrastructure of such systems.


Health monitoring Techniques Technologies Wearable Wireless Body sensor BSN WBAN E-health M-health Ageing 



Access Point


Body Area Network


Body Area Sensor Network


Body Control Unit


Bluetooth Low Energy


Body Sensor Network




General Packet Radio Service


Global Positioning System


Global System for Mobile communications


Graphical User Interface


Information and Communications Technology


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers


Internet Protocol


Infrared Data Association


Industrial, Scientific and Medical


Mobile Base Unit


Medical Implant Communication Service


Personal Device


Personal Digital Assistant


Personal Server


Premature Ventricular Complexes


Received Signal Strength


Sensor Front-End


Short Message Service


Universal Mobile Telecommunications System


Ultra-Wide Band


Wireless Body Area Network


Wearable Health Monitoring System


Wireless Fidelity


Wireless Local Area Network


Wireless Wide Area Network


  1. 1.
    Custodio V, Herrera F, Lopez G, Moreno J (2012) A review on architectures and communications technologies for wearable health-monitoring systems. Sensors 12(10):13907–13946CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Patel S, Park H, Bonato P, Chan L, Rodgers M (2012) A review of wearable sensors and systems with application in rehabilitation. J Neuroeng Rehabil 9(1):21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Antonescu B, Basagni S (2013) Wireless body area networks: challenges, trends and emerging technologies. In: The 8th international conference on body area networks (BodyNets ’13), pp 1–7Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pawar P, Jones V, Van Beijnum B, Hermens H (2012) A framework for the comparison of mobile patient monitoring systems. J Biomed Inform 45(3):544–556CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chen C, Knoll A, Wichmann H, Horsch A (2013) A review of three-layer wireless body sensor network systems in healthcare for continuous monitoring. J Modern Internet Things 2(3):24–34Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chen M, Gonzalez S, Vasilakos A, Cao H, Leung V (2011) Body area networks: a survey. Mobile Netw Appl 16(2):171–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ren Y, Pazzi R, Boukerche A (2010) Monitoring patients via a secure and mobile healthcare system. IEEE Wireless Commun 17(1):59–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bhadoria S, Gupta H (2013) A wearable personal healthcare and emergency information based on mobile application. Int J Sci Res Comput Sci Eng 1:24–30Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Barakah D, Ammad-uddin M (2012) A survey of challenges and applications of wireless body area network (WBAN) and role of a virtual doctor server in existing architecture. In: 2012 third international conference on intelligent systems, modelling and simulation (ISMS), pp 214–219Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rashidi P, Mihailidis A (2013) A survey on ambient-assisted living tools for older adults. IEEE J Biomed Health Inf 17(3):579–590CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11. (2014) Bluetooth low energy technology. Accessed 27 May 2014
  12. 12.
    Jones V, Gay V, Leijdekkers P (2010) Body sensor networks for mobile health monitoring: experience in Europe and Australia. In: Fourth international conference on digital society, 2010. ICDS ’10, pp 204–209Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Falk T, Maier M et al (2013) Context awareness in WBANs: a survey on medical and non-medical applications. IEEE Wireless Commun 20(4):30–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Al-Bashayreh M, Hashim N, Khorma O (2012) A survey on success factors to design application frameworks to develop mobile patient monitoring systems. In: 2012 IEEE EMBS conference on biomedical engineering and sciences (IECBES) 17–19 Dec, pp 57–62Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Pantelopoulos A, Bourbakis N (2010) Design of the new prognosis wearable system-prototype for health monitoring of people at risk. In: Advances in biomedical sensing, measurements, instrumentation and systems. Lecture notes in electrical engineering, vol 55. Springer, New York, pp 29–42Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kulkarni P, Ozturk Y (2007) Requirements and design spaces of mobile medical care. ACM SIGMOBILE Mobile Comput Commun Rev 11(3):12–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Chan M, Estève D, Fourniols J, Escriba C, Campo E (2012) Smart wearable systems: current status and future challenges. Artif Intell Med 56(3):137–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Fouad M, El-Bendary N, Ramadan R, Hassanien A (2013) Wireless sensor networks: a medical perspective. In: Wireless sensor networks: theory and applications. CRC, Taylor and Francis Group, New York, pp 713–732Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Liang X, Li X, Barua M, Chen L, Lu R, Shen X, Luo H (2012) Enabling pervasive healthcare through continuous remote health monitoring. IEEE Wireless Commun 19(6):10–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Mahfouz M, Kuhn M, To G (2013) Wireless medical devices: a review of current research and commercial systems. In: 2013 IEEE topical conference on biomedical wireless technologies, networks, and sensing systems (BioWireleSS), Austin, pp 16–18Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lai X, Liu Q, Wei X, Wang W, Zhou G, Han G (2013) A survey of body sensor networks. Sensors 13(5):5406–5447CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sassolas A, Marty J (2013) Biocapteurs au service du diagnostic medical. In : Nanotechnologies et biotechnologies pour la santé (Online). Ed. Techniques de l’ingénieurGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Alsgaer S, Tao X, Zhang J, Wang H, Guo Z (2013) Telemedicine and telemonitoring in healthcare. In: Brain and health informatics. Lecture notes in computer science, vol 8211. Springer, New York, pp 201–209Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Acampora G, Cook D, Rashidi P, Vasilakos A (2013) A survey on ambient intelligence in healthcare. Proc IEEE 101(12):2470–2494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Fatima M, Kiani A, Baig A (2013) Medical body area network, architectural design and challenges: a survey. In: Wireless sensor networks for developing countries, communications in computer and information science, vol 366. Springer, Berlin, pp 60–72Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Jones V, van Halteren A, Widya I, Dokovsky N, Koprinkov G, Bults R, Konstantas D, Herzog R (2006) Mobihealth: mobile health services based on body area networks. In: Istepanian R, Laxminarayan S, Pattichis C (eds) M-health: emerging mobile health systems. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Pantelopoulos A, Bourbakis N (2010) A survey on wearable sensor-based systems for health monitoring and prognosis. IEEE Trans Syst Man Cybernet Part C 40(1):1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28. (2014) Classic Bluetooth vs. Bluetooth low energy. Accessed 27 May 2014
  29. 29.
    Zatout Y (2012) Using wireless technologies for healthcare monitoring at home: a survey. In: 2012 IEEE 14th international conference on e-health networking, applications and services (Healthcom), pp 383–386Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Heydon R (2013) Bluetooth® technology—basics and brand. Bluetooth World 2013, ShanghaiGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Ullah S, Mohaisen M, Alnuem M (2013) A review of IEEE 802.15. 6 mac, phy, and security specifications. Int J Distrib Sensor Netw 2013:12Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Martelli F, Buratti C, Verdone R (2011) On the performance of an IEEE 802.15.6 wireless body area network. In: 11th European wireless conference 2011—sustainable wireless technologies (European Wireless), pp 1–6. ISBN: 978-3-8007-3343-9Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Anliker U, Ward J, Lukowicz P, Troster G, Dolveck F, Baer M, Keita F, Schenker E, Catarsi F, Coluccini L et al (2004) AMON: a wearable multiparameter medical monitoring and alert system. IEEE Trans Inform Technol Biomed 8(4):415–427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Gay V, Leijdekkers P (2006) Around the clock personalized heart monitoring using smart phones. In: Proceedings of smart homes and health telematics, Belfast, pp 82–89Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Marshall C, Lewis D, Whittaker M (2013) mHealth technologies in developing countries: a feasibility assessment and a proposed framework. School of Population Heath, The University of Queensland, St. LuciaGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Sharma D et al (2013) Wireless health care monitoring system with data security and privacy. Int J Res Comput Eng Electron 2(2):1–2Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Silva J, Arsenio A, Garcia N (2011) Context-awareness for mobility management: a systems survey for healthcare monitoring. In: 2011 6th international conference on broadband and biomedical communications (IB2Com), pp 18–23Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CERIST, Centre for Research on Scientific and Technical InformationAlgiersAlgeria
  2. 2.University of Béjaïa Mira AbderahmanBéjaïaAlgeria
  3. 3.USTHB, University of Technology and Science Houari BOUMEDIENEAlgiersAlgeria

Personalised recommendations