Robust Reversible Colour Image Digital Watermarking Using Offset Coefficient Technique

  • Ching-Yu Yang
  • Wen-Fong Wang
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 387)


By using offset coefficient of a host block, we design a robust reversible digital watermarking for color images. Based on pixel-value-offset of a host block, a watermark can be effectively embedded in a host image without noticeable visual distortion. Experiments indicate that the perceived quality generated by the proposed method is good while the payload size is superior to existing techniques. Moreover, the marked images generated by our method are resisting from manipulations such as brightness, contrast, color quantization, equalized, (edge) sharpening, inversion, JPEG, JPEG2000, noise additions, pixel-truncation, and winding.


Data hiding Color image digital watermarking Offset coefficient 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Shih, F.Y. (ed.): Multimedia Security: Watermarking, Steganography, and Forensics. CRC Press, USA (2012)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Eielinska, E., Mazurczyk, W., Szczypiorski, K.: Trends in steganography. Communications of the ACM 57, 86–95 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Noriega, R.M., Nakano, M., Kurkoski, B., Yamaguchi, K.: High payload audio watermarking: toward channel characterization of MP3 compression. Journal of Info. Hiding and Multimedia Signal Processing 2(2), 91–107 (2011)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yang, C.Y.: Robust watermarking scheme based on radius weight mean and feature-embedding technique. ETRI Journal 35(3), 512–522 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ni, Z., Shi, Y.Q., Ansari, N., Su, W., Sun, Q., Lin, X.: Robust lossless image data hiding designed for semi-fragile image authentication. IEEE T. Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 18(4), 497–509 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zeng, X.T., Ping, L.D., Pan, X.Z.: A lossless robust data hiding scheme. Pattern Recognition 43, 1656–1667 (2010)CrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yang, C.Y., Wang, W.F.: Robust and reversible watermarking scheme for color images based on the RWM norm. In: Annual Conference on Engineering & Information Technology, Tokyo, Japan, March 28-30, pp. 194–203 (2014)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and Information EngineeringNational Penghu University of Science and TechnologyPenghuTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science and Information EngineeringNational Yunlin University of Science and TechnologyYunlinTaiwan

Personalised recommendations