• Farrukh Mukhamedov
  • Nasir Ganikhodjaev
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mathematics book series (LNM, volume 2133)


This chapter has introductory character. Here we discuss about some models which can be described by quadratic stochastic operators.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Farrukh Mukhamedov
    • 1
  • Nasir Ganikhodjaev
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Comput. & Theor. SciencesInternational Islamic University MalaysiaKuantanMalaysia

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