This chapter focuses on epistemic differences between a range of learning theories, although these differences also reflect the boundary strengths, probative force and values given to those relations and entities that constitute learning. Four examples of learning theory are examined here: behaviourist, phenomenological, constructivist and materialist. In addition, two important elements of a learning theory, representation and emergence, are investigated, as these provide the means to distinguish between the different theories and further extend our understandings of learning.


Social Constructivist Phenomenal Quality Knowledge Claim Social Object Ontological Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Scott
    • 1
  1. 1.Curriculum, Pedagogy & AssessmentUniversity College London Institute of EducationLondonUK

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