Advertisement

Tigris

Chapter
  • 829 Downloads
Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)

Abstract

The River Tigris as a constellation (Fig. 27.1) was introduced sometime in the first quarter of the seventeenth century. Ptolemy left the stars comprising this constellation unformed, although mostly acknowledged, and this tradition was kept as late as the time of Bayer (1603). The main body of the river in part paralleled the path of the “Great Rift” in the Milky Way, a layer of obscuring interstellar dust in the mid plane of the Galaxy stretching roughly from Cygnus to Centaurus. In this sense the identification of a constellation here is opposite the usual sense in which stars outline a figure; rather, Tigris followed a path suggested by the relative absence of stars. It is sometimes shown on maps as two-branched, reflecting the proper geographic sense of the rivers Tigris and Euphrates as they flow through lands referred to as the “Fertile Crescent.”

Keywords

Star Cluster Interstellar Dust Ancient City Taurus Mountain Great Rift 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Allard, Carel. 1706. Hemisphaerium meridionale et septentrionale planisphaerii coelestis. Amsterdam: Covens et Mortier.Google Scholar
  2. Allen, Richard Hinckley. 1899. Star Names: Their Lore And Meaning. New York: Dover.Google Scholar
  3. Bartsch, Jacob. 1624. Usus astronomicus planisphaerii stellati seu vice-globi in plano. Strasbourg: Heribert Rosweyde.Google Scholar
  4. Bartsch, Jacob. 1661. Planisphaerium stellatum seu vive-glocbus coelestis in plano delineatus. Nuremburg: Christophorus Gerhardus.Google Scholar
  5. Bayer, Johann. 1603. Uranometria, omnium asterismorum continens schemata, nova methodo delineata, aereis laminis expressa. Augsburg, Germany: Christophorus Mangus.Google Scholar
  6. Bode, Johnann Elert. 1782. Vorstellung der Gestirne auf XXXIV Kupfertafeln nach der Pariser Ausgabe des Flamsteadschen Himmelsatlas. Berlin: Gottlieb August Lange.Google Scholar
  7. Bode, Johnann Elert. 1801b. Uranographia, sive astrorum descriptio. Berlin: Frederico de Haan.Google Scholar
  8. Bode, Johnann Elert. 1805. Vorstellung der Gestirne auf vier und dreyssig Kupfertafeln nebst einer Anweisung zum Gebrauch und einem Verzeichnisse von 5877 Sternen, Nebelflecken und Sternhaufen. Second ed. edn. Berlin: Gottlieb August Lange.Google Scholar
  9. Cellarius, Andreas. 1661. Harmonia Macrocosmica Seu Atlas Universalis Et Novus: Totius Universi Creati Cosmographiam Generalem, Et Novam Exhibens. Amsterdam: Jan Janssonius.Google Scholar
  10. Coronelli, Vincenzo M. 1693. Epitome cosmografica, o Compendiosa introduttione all’astronomia, geografia, & idrografia... Venice: Andrea Poletti.Google Scholar
  11. de Broen, Johannes. 1709. Hemelskaart voor de noordelijke en zuidelijke sterrenhemel uitgevoerd in Mercatorprojectie. Find out.Google Scholar
  12. de La Hire, Philippe. 1702. Planisphère céléste septentrionale. Paris: N. de Fer.Google Scholar
  13. Doppelmayr, Christian. 1742. Atlas Coelestis. Homännische Erben.Google Scholar
  14. Flamsteed, John. 1729. Atlas Coelestis. London: Self published.Google Scholar
  15. Hevelius, Johannes. 1690. Prodromus Astronomiae. Danzig: Johann Zacharias Stoll.Google Scholar
  16. Hill, John. 1754. Urania: or, A Compleat View of the Heavens. London: T. Gardner.Google Scholar
  17. Lubieniecki, Stanislaus. 1667. Theatrum cometicum, duabus partibus constans... Vol. 1. Leiden: Franciscum Cuyperum.Google Scholar
  18. Lubieniecki, Stanislaus. 1681. Theatrum cometicum, duabus partibus constans... Vol. 2. Leiden: P. van der Meersche.Google Scholar
  19. Pardies, Ignace-Gaston. 1674. Globi coelestis in tabulas planas redacti descriptio. Paris: Sebastien Mabre-Cramoisy.Google Scholar
  20. Ridpath, Ian. 1989. Star Tales. Cambridge, UK: Lutterworth Press.Google Scholar
  21. Royer, Augustin. 1679a. Cartes du Ciel Reduites en Quatre Tables, Contenant Toutes les Constellations. Paris: Jean Baptiste Coignard.Google Scholar
  22. Royer, Augustin. 1679b. Tabula Universalis Longitudinum et Latitudinum Stellarum. Paris: Jean Baptiste Coignard.Google Scholar
  23. Sherburne, Edward. 1675. The Sphere of Marcus Manilius made an English Poem, with annotations and an astronomical appendix. London: Nathanael Brooke.Google Scholar
  24. Thomas, Corbinianus. 1730. Mercurii philosophici firmamentum firmianum descriptionem et vum globi artificialis coelestis. 1st edn. Frankfurt: Prostat Franckofurti & Lipsiae.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.TucsonUSA

Personalised recommendations