Touch, Movement and Vibration: User Perception of Vibrotactile Feedback for Touch and Mid-Air Gestures

  • Christian Schönauer
  • Annette MosselEmail author
  • Ionuț-Alexandru Zaiți
  • Radu-Daniel Vatavu
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9299)


Designing appropriate feedback for gesture interfaces is an important aspect of user experience and performance. We conduct the first investigation of users’ perceptions of vibrotactile stimuli during touch and mid-air gesture input for smart devices. Furthermore, we explore perception of feedback that is decoupled from the smart device and delivered outside its operating range by an accessory wearable, i.e., feedback delivered at arm-level. Results show user perception of vibrotactile stimuli up to 80 % accurate, which we use to recommend guidelines for practitioners to design new vibrotactile feedback techniques for smart devices.


Gestures Vibrotactile feedback User perception Mid-air gestures Touch Wearable Design guidelines Smartphone Actuators Interface design 



This work was supported by the liFe-StaGE project 740/2014, “Multimodal Feedback for Supporting Gestural Interaction in Smart Environments”, co-funded by UEFISCDI & OeAD. The authors would like to thank the graduate student of Vienna University of Technology, Patrick Kühtreiber for his help during the design and implementation of the prototype used in this work.


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Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Schönauer
    • 1
  • Annette Mossel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ionuț-Alexandru Zaiți
    • 2
  • Radu-Daniel Vatavu
    • 2
  1. 1.Vienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria
  2. 2.University Stefan Cel Mare of SuceavaSuceavaRomania

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