Human-Computer Interaction

INTERACT 2015: Human-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2015 pp 89-109 | Cite as

Navigation Problems in Blind-to-Blind Pedestrians Tele-assistance Navigation

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9296)

Abstract

We raise a question whether it is possible to build a large-scale navigation system for blind pedestrians where a blind person navigates another blind person remotely by mobile phone. We have conducted an experiment, in which we observed blind people navigating each other in a city center in 19 sessions. We focused on problems in the navigator’s attempts to direct the traveler to the destination. We observed 96 problems in total, classified them on the basis of the type of navigator or traveler activity and according to the location in which the problem occurred. Most of the problems occurred during the activities performed by the navigator. We extracted a set of guidelines based on analysis of navigation problems and successful navigation strategies. We have partially mapped the problem of tele-assistance navigation to POMDP based dialogue system.

Keywords

Visually impaired Navigation Tele-assistance User study 

References

  1. 1.
    Armstrong, J.: Evaluation of man-machine systems in the mobility of the visually handicapped. In: Picket, R.M., Triggs, T.J. (eds.) Human Factors in Health Care, pp. 331–343. Lexington Books, Lexington (1975)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Balata, J., Mikovec, Z., Slavik, P.: Mutual communication in navigation of visually impaired. CogInfoCom 445, 08854-4141 (2012)MATHGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Balata, J., Franc, J., Mikovec, Z., Slavik, P.: Collaborative navigation of visually impaired. J. Multimodal User Interfaces 8(2), 175–185 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bradley, N.A., Dunlop, M.D.: An experimental investigation into wayfinding directions for visually impaired people. Pers. Ubiquit. Comput. 9(6), 395–403 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bui, T.H., Poel, M., Nijholt, A., Zwiers, J.: A tractable hybrid DDN–POMDP approach to affective dialogue modeling for probabilistic frame-based dialogue systems. Nat. Lang. Eng. 15(2), 273–307 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bujacz, M., Baranski, P., Moranski, M., Strumillo, P., Materka, A.: Remote guidance for the blind – a proposed tele-assistance system and navigation trials. In: HSI 2008, pp. 888–892. IEEE (2008)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Clark-Carter, D., Heyes, A., Howarth, C.: The efficiency and walking speed of visually impaired people. Ergonomics 29(6), 779–789 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Czech Blind United. http://www.sons.cz/. Accessed Sept 2014
  9. 9.
    Czech Blind United: Annual Report (2013) (in Czech). http://www.sons.cz/docs/Vyrocni_zprava_SONS_2013.pdf. Accessed Sept 2014
  10. 10.
    Faria, J., Lopes, S., Fernandes, H., Martins, P., Barroso, J.: Electronic white cane for blind people navigation assistance. In: WAC 2010, pp. 1–7. IEEE (2010)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Golledge, R.G.: Geography and the disabled: a survey with special reference to vision impaired and blind populations. Trans. Inst. Br. Geogr. 18, 63–85 (1993)CrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Golledge, R.G.: Human wayfinding and cognitive maps. In: Golledge, R.G. (ed.) Wayfinding Behavior: Cognitive Mapping and Other Spatial Processes, pp. 5–45. Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore (1999)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Golledge, R.G., Klatzky, R.L., Loomis, J.M.: Cognitive mapping and wayfinding by adults without vision. In: Portugali, J. (ed.) The construction of cognitive maps, pp. 215–246. Springer, Dordrecht (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hile, H., Grzeszczuk, R., Liu, A., Vedantham, R., Košecka, J., Borriello, G.: Landmark-based pedestrian navigation with enhanced spatial reasoning. In: Tokuda, H., Beigl, M., Friday, A., Brush, A., Tobe, Y. (eds.) Pervasive 2009. LNCS, vol. 5538, pp. 59–76. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Høegh, R.T., Kjeldskov, J., Skov, M.B., Stage, J.: A field laboratory for evaluating in situ. In: Lumsden, J. (ed.) Handbook of Research on User Interface Design and Evaluation for Mobile Technology, pp. 982–996. IGI Global, Hershey (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kulyukin, V.A., Nicholson, J., Ross, D.A., Marston, J.R., Gaunet, F.: The blind leading the blind: toward collaborative online route information management by individuals with visual impairments. In: AAAI Spring Symposium: Social Information Processing, pp. 54–59 (2008)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Loomis, J.M., Golledge, R.G., Klatzky, L.: Navigation system for the blind: Auditory display modes and guidance. Presence-Teleop. Virt. 7(2), 193–203 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Loomis, J.M., Golledge, R.G., Klatzky, R.L., Speigle, J.M., Tietz, J.: Personal guidance system for the visually impaired. In: Assets 1994, pp. 85–91. ACM (1994)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    May, A.J., Ross, T., Bayer, S.H., Tarkiainen, M.J.: Pedestrian navigation aids: information requirements and design implications. Pers. Ubiquit. Comput. 7(6), 331–338 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Millar, S.: Understanding and Representing Space: Theory and Evidence from Studies with Blind and Sighted Children. Oxford University/Clarendon Press, Oxford (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Millar, S.: Space and sense. Psychology Press, New York (2008)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Millonig, A., Schechtner, K.: Developing landmark-based pedestrian-navigation systems. ITSC 2007 8(1), 43–49 (2007)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Petrie, H., Johnson, V., Strothotte, T., Michel, R., Raab, A., Reichert, L.: User-centred design in the development of a navigational aid for blind travellers. In: Howard, S., Hammond, J., Lindgaard, G. (eds.) Human-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 1997. LNCS (IFIP), pp. 220–227. Springer, New York (1997)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Pielot, M., Poppinga, B., Heuten, W., Boll, S.: A tactile compass for eyes-free pedestrian navigation. In: Campos, P., Graham, N., Jorge, J., Nunes, N., Palanque, P., Winckler, M. (eds.) INTERACT 2011, Part II. LNCS, vol. 6947, pp. 640–656. Springer, Heidelberg (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Raz, N., Striem, E., Pundak, G., Orlov, T., Zohary, E.: Superior serial memory inthe blind: a case of cognitive compensatory adjustment. Curr. Biol. 17(13), 1129–1133 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Rehrl, K., Häusler, E., Leitinger, S.: Comparing the effectiveness of gps-enhanced voice guidance for pedestrians with metric- and landmark-based instruction sets. In: Fabrikant, S.I., Reichenbacher, T., van Kreveld, M., Schlieder, C. (eds.) GIScience 2010. LNCS, vol. 6292, pp. 189–203. Springer, Heidelberg (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Ross, T., May, A., Thompson, S.: The use of landmarks in pedestrian navigation instructions and the effects of context. In: Brewster, S., Dunlop, M.D. (eds.) Mobile HCI 2004. LNCS, vol. 3160, pp. 300–304. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Schinazi, V.R.: Spatial representation and low vision: two studies on the content, accuracy and utility of mental representations. In: International Congress Series, vol. 1282, pp. 1063–1067. Elsevier (2005)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Siegel, A.W., White, S.H.: The development of spatial representations of large-scale environments. Adv. Child Dev. Behav. 10, 9 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Skantze, G.: Error Handling in Spoken Dialogue Systems – Managing Uncertainty, Grounding and Miscommunication (2007)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Talkenberg, H.: Electronic guide dog a technical approach on in-town navigation. In: Rank Prize Funds Symposium on Technology to Assist the Blind and Visually Impaired, Gramere, Cumbria, England (1996)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Thinus-Blanc, C., Gaunet, F.: Representation of space in blind persons: vision as a spatial sense? Psychol. Bull. 121(1), 20 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Vystrcil, J., Maly, I., Balata, J., Mikovec, Z.: Navigation dialog of blind people: recovery from getting lost. In: EACL 2014, p. 58 (2014)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    White, R.W., Grant, P.: Designing a visible city for visually impaired users. In: Proceedings of the 2009 International Conference on Inclusive Design (2009)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    WHO: ICD update and revision platform: change the definition of blindness (2009). http://www.who.int/blindness/Change%20the%20Definition%20of%20Blindness.pdf
  36. 36.
    Wiener, W.R., Welsh, R.L., Blasch, B.B.: Foundations of Orientation and Mobility, vol. 1. American Foundation for the Blind, New York (2010)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Young, S., Gasic, M., Thomson, B., Williams, J.D.: Pomdp-based statistical spoken dialog systems: a review. Proc. IEEE 101(5), 1160–1179 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Department of Computer Graphics and InteractionCzech Technical University in PraguePragueCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations