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Co-administration of Microbubbles and Drugs in Ultrasound-Assisted Drug Delivery: Comparison with Drug-Carrying Particles

  • Ryo Suzuki
  • Alexander L. KlibanovEmail author
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 880)

Abstract

There are two alternative approaches to ultrasound-assisted drug delivery. First, the drug can be entrapped into or attached onto the ultrasound-responsive particles and administered in the vasculature, to achieve ultrasound-triggered drug release from the particles and localized tissue deposition in response to ultrasound treatment of the target zone. Second, the drug can be co-administered with the microbubbles or other sonosensitive particles. In this case, the action of ultrasound on the particles (which act as cavitation nuclei) results in the transient improvement of permeability of the physiological barriers, so that the circulating drug can exit the bloodstream and get into the target tissues and cells. We discuss and compare both of these approaches, their characteristic advantages and disadvantages for the specific drug delivery scenarios. Clearly, the system based on the off-label use of the existing approved microbubbles and drugs (or drug carriers) will have a chance of getting to clinical trials faster and with lesser resources spent. However, if a superior curative potential of a sonosensitive drug carrier is proven, and formulation stability problems are addressed properly, this approach may find its way to practical use, especially for nucleic acid delivery scenarios.

Keywords

Co-administration of microbubbles Drug-carrying particles Drug delivery Ultrasound 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported in part via NIH R21 EB016752.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cardiovascular DivisionRobert M Berne Cardiovascular Research Center, University of VirginiaCharlottesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Drug and Gene Delivery SystemFaculty of Pharma-Sciences, Teikyo UniversityTokyoJapan

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