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A General Framework for Using Social and Traditional Media During Natural Disasters: QuOIMA and the Central European Floods of 2013

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Fusion Methodologies in Crisis Management

Abstract

Traditional media have a long history in covering natural disasters and crises. In many instances, these media remain major providers of information about an event. In recent years, however, information about natural disasters has increasingly been disseminated on a significant scale via Social Media platforms. These media provide new, additional and complementary angles on events and, combined with traditional media, produce a more complete spectrum of coverage. We present an approach, combining information from across the different kinds of media—traditional as well as social—and also across multiple languages, providing opportunities for first responders and decision makers to gain improved situational awareness and allowing for improved disaster relief, support, mitigation and resilience measures. The approach is put into context by relating it to a long-term strategic model including horizon-scanning and risk-management activities and a 5-phase disaster model forming the basis for information gathering and dissemination activities. To illustrate the research efforts the QuOIMA (Quelloffene Integrierte Multimedia Analyse) project, based on the pillars of cross-media, multimedia, and multilingual processing and representing major aspects of the general framework is presented. QuOIMA focuses on the information gathering aspects from the point of view of a first responder and crisis manager or -communicator rather than the management of active (outgoing) communication. Initial findings on data collected during the 2013 Central European floods are reported and discussed.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    Research Program KIRAS: http://www.kiras.at/

  2. 2.

    This aspect is certainly of equal importance and will be added to the framework in a follow-on project

  3. 3.

    www.sail-labs.com

  4. 4.

    Social Media Radar: http://www.socialmediaradar.at/

  5. 5.

    www.roteskreuz.at

  6. 6.

    www.thw.de

  7. 7.

    www.teamoesterreich.at

  8. 8.

    www.redcross.ch

  9. 9.

    www.gdacs.org

  10. 10.

    www.dec.org.uk

  11. 11.

    http://www.bmvit.gv.at/

  12. 12.

    http://kiras.at/

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Acknowledgements

The research work leading to these results is funded by the Austrian Federal Ministry for Transportation, Innovation and TechnologyFootnote 11 (BMVIT) within the KIRASFootnote 12 program.

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Correspondence to Gerhard Backfried .

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Backfried, G. et al. (2016). A General Framework for Using Social and Traditional Media During Natural Disasters: QuOIMA and the Central European Floods of 2013. In: Rogova, G., Scott, P. (eds) Fusion Methodologies in Crisis Management. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-22527-2_22

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-22527-2_22

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-22526-5

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-22527-2

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