Fusion Methodologies in Crisis Management

pp 27-45

Natural Language Understanding for Information Fusion

  • Stuart C. ShapiroAffiliated withState University of New York at Buffalo Email author 
  • , Daniel R. SchlegelAffiliated withState University of New York at Buffalo

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Tractor is a system for understanding English messages within the context of hard and soft information fusion for situation assessment. Tractor processes a message through text processors using standard natural language processing techniques, and represents the result in a formal knowledge representation language. The result is a hybrid syntactic-semantic knowledge base that is mostly syntactic. Tractor then adds relevant ontological and geographic information. Finally, it applies hand-crafted syntax-semantics mapping rules to convert the syntactic information into semantic information, although the final result is still a hybrid syntactic-semantic knowledge base. This chapter presents the various stages of Tractor’s natural language understanding process, with particular emphasis on discussions of the representation used and of the syntax-semantics mapping rules.