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The Trans Pacific Partnership: Global Nutrition at Risk

  • Henry Greenberg
  • Stephanie Shiau
Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)

Abstract

Because of rapid and transformative changes in urbanization, globalization, and democratization, there have been and will continue to be dramatic changes in nearly all aspects of civil society. A global nutritional transition is part of this and to a large extent is driving a dramatic advance in trade policy. Trade agreements are now carried out by regional trade agreements (RTA) and not the World Trade Organization which offered significant protection for national policies, particularly important for developing economies. RTAs do not offer this. The Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA) poses genuine threats to health, particularly chronic diseases and more specifically those related to food, diet, and nutrition, i.e. heart disease and diabetes. An important aspect of the TPPA is that it gives multinational corporations control of functions that are normally assumed to be part of a nation’s prerogatives. We see the TPPA as sending a message to the public health establishment to enter the trade policy debates with energy and vigor.

Keywords

Global trade Trade agreements Tariffs Trans Pacific Partnership 

Abbreviations

FDI

Foreign direct investment

GATT

General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs

MNC

Multinational corporation

NCD

Noncommunicable diseases

RTA

Regional trade agreements

TPPA

Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement

WTO

World Trade Organization

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EpidemiologyMailman School of Public Health, Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Human Nutrition, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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