Participatory Decision-Making on Hazard Warnings

  • Gordon WooEmail author
Part of the Risk, Governance and Society book series (RISKGOSO, volume 19)


There are many hazard situations where there is significant uncertainty over whether a dangerous event will actually materialize and threaten a populated region. In the presence of such uncertainty, hazard warnings may be issued to motivate a diverse range of mitigating actions that might reduce the risk of casualties should a major natural hazard event occur. Most of these possible actions involve the active cooperation of citizens in the region affected. Guidelines for the involvement of citizens in the decision-making process are identified, with a focus on key principles that provide a platform for participatory decision-making. These principles include the democratic right of citizens to information and choice; the need for basic training and education on risk issues to enable citizens to make more evidence-based decisions; the opportunities for governments to nudge rather than coerce citizens into taking actions; the scope for application of the precautionary principle; and the over-arching need for decisions to be rational, equitable and defensible.


Storm Surge Public Participation Flash Flood Precautionary Principle Risk Mitigation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was partly supported by European Union FP7 Seventh Framework Program for Research project No. 282862: REAKT.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Risk Management Solutions (RMS)LondonUK

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