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Diagnosis and classification of Pneumonia

  • Antoni TorresEmail author
  • Catia Cillóniz
Chapter

Abstract

The diagnosis of hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is complicated and clinically challenging in the case of ventilated patients [1]. HAP is clinically diagnosed in patients who have been hospitalized for at least 48 hours and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is clinically diagnosed in patients who are ventilated and pneumonia develops at least 48 hours after endotracheal intubation. The subsequent presentation of a new opacity on the chest radiograph and presence of two or more clinical features, including fever, leukopenia or leukocytosis, hypoxemia, and purulent respiratory secretions [2], are required for clinical diagnosis of pneumonia.

Keywords

Nosocomial Pneumonia Bacterial Pneumonia Clin Microbiol Infect Pneumonia Severity Index Endotracheal Aspirate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Applied Research in Respiratory DiseaseUniversity of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.University of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

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