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Models of Dissolved Component Transport at the Hillslope Scale

  • Vyacheslav G. Rumynin
Part of the Theory and Applications of Transport in Porous Media book series (TATP, volume 26)

Abstract

Rain water on the landscape of a drainage basin can be contaminated by substances that have accumulated on the surface of soil or in its top layer, thus making water flow the major transport and redistribution factor of chemicals (solutes, chemical components, contaminants) at the solid and air interphase. In the rain periods, the contamination hazard is the greatest for surface water streams and bodies. In agricultural regions, fertilizers and pesticides are washed out from fields. In urbanized areas, surface runoff supplies surface waters with dissolved oil products, combustion products of transport fuel, heavy metals, as well as bacteria-polluted waters from emergency sewage spills. A specific class of problems is associated with forecasting radionuclide washout from zones of radioactive pollution, i.e., the areas subject to fallouts of gas-aerosol emissions from facilities of nuclear industry or power engineering, primarily, during emergencies, as well as areas of emergency spills of liquid radioactive wastes.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vyacheslav G. Rumynin
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Environmental GeologyThe Russian Academy of SciencesSaint PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Earth SciencesSaint Petersburg State UniversitySaint PetersburgRussia

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