The Naturalistic Axiology of Holmes Rolston III

  • Leszek Pyra
Part of the Analecta Husserliana book series (ANHU, volume 119)


This paper addresses Rolston’s claim that values may exist without the beholder; expressing such opinion he opposes the prevailing contemporary views. It also shows Rolston’s attempt to work out a provisional intuitive scale of values characteristic of particular organisms. The concept of systemic values is also presented and discussed. It appears that such values are ultimately life-generating processes, and as such definitely deserve man’s respect. Such phenomena constitute the essence of holistic environmental philosophy as developed by Holmes Rolston III.


Holistic environmental philosophy Systemic values Evolution Projective nature Species 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Philosophy and SociologyPedagogical University of CracowKrakowPoland

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