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Knowledge and the Lifeworld: Phenomenological-Transcendental Investigations

  • Witold Płotka
Part of the Analecta Husserliana book series (ANHU, volume 119)

Abstract

Edmund Husserl’s discovery of the lifeworld was a decisive step toward a radicalization of the project of transcendental phenomenology. At first glance, transcendental philosophy attempts to define objective structures of a timeless ego and by doing so, justify ultimate knowledge. According to Husserl, however, to understand the constitutive force of subjectivity one needs to introduce a more rudimentary milieu – the lifeworld – which conditions one’s understanding of intentional activity. To be precise, the lifeworld is the source of meaning, and – mutatis mutandis – of knowledge. The lifeworld, then, is a strictly subjective phenomenon, and transcendental phenomenology has to be a strict subjective science of this phenomenon. But are the subjective science and knowledge about the lifeworld possible at all? How can we know something about the non-objective? I argue that, by posing these questions, one connects the theory of horizons and Normalität, both of which describe doxa as a common knowledge. Phenomenological theory highlights human essential connections with the lifeworld, and it expresses the subjective roots of all knowledge.

Keywords

Common knowledge Constitution of knowledge Fallibility Horizon Husserl 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The project is financed by the National Science Centre (no. DEC-2011/01/D/HS1/00594). I am especially grateful to Michael Gubser for revising the language of the article.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Philosophy, Sociology and JournalismUniversity of GdańskGdańskPoland

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