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Lessons Learned from the Recent Earthquakes in Iran

  • Mohammad Ashtari Jafari
Chapter
Part of the Springer Natural Hazards book series (SPRINGERNAT)

Abstract

Although the understanding of the reasons and impacts of natural disasters and models to compute the frequency and severity of disastrous earthquakes has improved, but a slight increase can be seen in the earthquake deaths as a percentage of the total global deaths. Iran, like other developing counties suffer earthquake causalities and economic damages. The residences and other constructions in Iran especially in small villages and towns are generally built without considering seismic design regulations, so they are highly vulnerable. Comparing yearly earthquake death rates among Iran, Japan and USA during three different periods revealed that while Japan and USA have been reduced their yearly rates; Iran’s status has been worsening. Among the principal causes of high death toll and economic losses in Iran one can refer to: buildings collapse, changes in land use, increases in the concentration of people and capital in high risk areas, fast and uncontrolled urbanization, the persistence of extensive urban and rural poverty, the depreciation of the region’s environment resulting from the mismanagement of natural resources, ineffective public policies, and lagging and misguided investments in infrastructures. Among the important lessons learned from the recent earthquakes in Iran are: fundamental earthquake hazard reduction needs to engage national consciousness at all levels of society, public education, solving the problems in the natural disaster preparedness system and deficiencies in current construction practice.

Keywords

Oceanic Crust Disastrous Earthquake Destructive Earthquake Alborz Mountain High Death Toll 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of GeophysicsUniversity of TehranTehranIran

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