Numerical Study of the Seismic Response of a Mid-Rise RC Building Damaged by 2009 Tucacas Earthquake

  • Juan Carlos Vielma
  • Angely Barrios
  • Anny Alfaro
Part of the Springer Natural Hazards book series (SPRINGERNAT)


In this Chapter are presented the results of the numerical evaluation of the seismic response of an eight-levels RC framed building who suffered light damage by the 2009 Tucacas Earthquake (6.4 Mw). The building was designed according the current Venezuelan codes, splitting the structure in three different modules in order to avoid the negative effects of in plan irregularities and represents a typical mid-rise building located on high seismic-prone areas. Each module was modelled and analyzed independently using non-linear standard techniques (pushover analysis and incremental dynamic analysis). The seismic action was defined by a set of synthetic design-spectrum compatible accelerograms. In order to improve the original seismic design of the building, a new building was proposed using an innovative energy-based procedure. The set of dynamic analyses was used in order to formulate a new procedure for the determination of fragility curves. Results show that the new procedure is suitable in order to predict the damage state which the building may reach when it is subjected to a strong earthquake. This seismic event leads to evaluate the current design and construction practices in order to ensure the life of the population and to reduce the seismic vulnerability of less developed countries.


Peak Ground Acceleration Seismic Response Fragility Curve Incremental Dynamic Analysis Inelastic Displacement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors are especially grateful to the Research Council (CDCHT) of Lisandro Alvarado University. the first author also wishes to thank to Prometeo Program, under whose auspices this chapter has been written. We also express our gratitude to the Mid-American Earthquake Center and the National Science Foundation (award number EEC-9701785), the developers of Zeus NL software used in this research. Finally, we thank to Eng. Angel Delgado, for supplying the technical documents of the original building, which he designed and supervised.


  1. Barbat, A. H., Pujades, L. G., & Lantada, N. (2006). Seismic damage evaluation in urban areas using the capacity spectrum method: Application to Barcelona. Comput-Aided Civil Infrastructure Engineering, 21, 573–593.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barbat, A. H., Pujades, L. G., & Lantada, N. (2008). Seismic damage evaluation in urban areas using the capacity spectrum method: Application to Barcelona. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 28, 851–865.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Elnashai, A., & Di Sarno, L. (2008). Fundamentals of earthquake engineering. Chichester, UK: Wiley.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fardis, N. M. (2009). Seismic design, assessment and retrofitting of concrete buildings. Heidelberg: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. FONDONORMA: Norma venezolana Covenin 1756-1:2001. Edificaciones sismorresistentes, Parte 1. Fondonorma, Caracas, Venezuela (2001).Google Scholar
  6. FONDONORMA: Norma venezolana Fondonorma 1753:2006, Proyecto y construcción de obras en concreto estructural. Fondonorma, Caracas, Venezuela (2006).Google Scholar
  7. Kappos, A., & Stefanidou, A. (2009). Deformation-based seismic design method for 3d R/C irregular buildings using inelastic dynamic analysis. Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering, 8, 875–895.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lantada, N., Pujades, L. G., & Barbat, A. H. (2009). Vulnerability index and capacity spectrum based methods for urban seismic risk evaluation. A comparison. Natural Hazards, 51, 501–524.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mander, J. B., Priestley, M. J. N., & Park, R. (1988). Observed stress-strain behaviour of confined concrete. Journal of Structural Engineering (ASCE), 114, 1827–1849.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Pinto, P. E., Giannini, R., & Franchin, P. (2006). Seismic reliability analysis of structures. Pavia, Italy: IUSS Press.Google Scholar
  11. Vamvatsikos, D., & Cornell, C. A. (2002). Incremental dynamic analysis. Earthquake Engineering and Structure Dynamics, 31, 491–514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Vielma, J. C. (2009). PACED: Program for the generation of spectrum compatible accelerograms. Venezuela: Lisandro Alvarado University. Barquisimeto.Google Scholar
  13. Vielma, J. C., Barbat, A. H., & Oller, S. (2010). Non linear structural analysis. Application to evaluating the seismic safety. In M. Camilleri (Ed.), Structural analysis (pp. 50–74). New York: Nova Science Publishers.Google Scholar
  14. Vielma, J. C., Barbat, A. H., & Oller, S. (2011a). Dimensionado sísmico de edificios de hormigón armado mediante factores de amplificación de desplazamientos con base en el balance de energía. Hormigón y acero, 63, 83–96.Google Scholar
  15. Vielma, J. C., Barbat, A. H., & Oller, S. (2011b). Seismic safety of RC framed buildings designed according modern codes. Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture, 5, 567–575.Google Scholar
  16. Vielma, J. C., Barbat, A. H., & Oller, S. (2012). The quadrants method: A procedure to evaluate the seismic performance of existing buildings. In 15 World Conference on Earthquake Engineering. Lisbon, Portugal.Google Scholar
  17. ZEUS NL: User manual. Version 1.8.9. Mid America Earthquake Center. Urbana, USA (2010).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juan Carlos Vielma
    • 1
  • Angely Barrios
    • 2
  • Anny Alfaro
    • 2
  1. 1.Universidad Lisandro Alvarado UCLA, Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas ESPEBarquisimetoVenezuela
  2. 2.UCLA-CIMNE ClassroomBarquisimetoVenezuela

Personalised recommendations