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Role and Function of Urban Habitat in the Quality of Life of Older People: The Case of Valparaíso, Chile

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Part of the International Perspectives on Aging book series (Int. Perspect. Aging,volume 13)

Abstract

This chapter is based on research project FONDECYT No. 1061179, entitled “Quality of Life of Senior Citizens in an Urban Habitat: Valparaiso case study.” This research aimed to further our understanding of the interrelationships in Valparaiso, between urban structures, quality of life and ageing, thus contributing to consolidating its theoretical formulation. This implied finding out about the bearing that certain conditions of urban habitats have on the quality of life of the population’s oldest age group, the urban habitat being construed as a combination of natural spaces and the built environment, a product of relationships between natural and man-made elements and the social life platform. To explore its relationship with senior citizens’ quality of life, we analysed both the physical and objective conditions of the urban environment, and also the subjective and perceptual dimension of the relationship between space and individuals.

Keywords

  • Urban Environment
  • ageAge Group
  • Senior Citizen
  • Urban Habitat
  • Delphi Survey

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    Series A and B (21 maps) spatially represents the 2002 Population Census data. Series C (8 maps) represents the distribution of senior citizens by district, while Series D (78 maps) spatially represents 16 categories regarding senior citizens’ QOL: health , education , housing, employment, cultural level, gender , community amenities, environmental features, transportation, political-administrative division, safety and security, property, demographic characteristics and basic services. Series E (20 maps) provides geographic information on indicators regarding construction sector investments, providing indications on trends in Valparaíso’s urban development process.

  2. 2.

    Name given in the project to designate internally homogeneous areas according to their location and socioeconomic status.

  3. 3.

    The following abbreviations are used in quotations taken from the interviewed senior citizens: FG/P (Plan Focus Group); FG/C ( Hill Focus Group); I/P (Plan Interview) and I/C (Hills Interview ).

  4. 4.

    The term “top” refers to the hills.

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Correspondence to Giulietta Fadda Ph.D. .

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Fadda, G., Cortés, A., Olivi, A. (2016). Role and Function of Urban Habitat in the Quality of Life of Older People: The Case of Valparaíso, Chile. In: Sánchez-González, D., Rodríguez-Rodríguez, V. (eds) Environmental Gerontology in Europe and Latin America. International Perspectives on Aging, vol 13. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-21419-1_9

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-21419-1_9

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