Advertisement

Spatial Effect of Target Display on Visual Search

  • Xiaoli Fan
  • Zhongqi Liu
  • Qianxiang ZhouEmail author
  • Fang Xie
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 528)

Abstract

The effect of spatial layout on visual performance and eye-movements characteristics was analyzed and the results would provide theoretical guidance for the ergonomics design of man-computer interface. A division method was proposed to divide the optimum visual field into nine regions based on the anatomical characteristics of human retinal and the horizon characteristics of quadrants, and corresponding software with the target displaying in different regions dynamically was completed for the experiment. Twelve subjects participated in the experiment and their reaction time and eye movement data were recorded. The significant differences and the prioritizations of different visual regions were analyzed. The results indicated that, there was significant time difference among the regions with different eccentricity, and the visual performance decreased along with the increase of eccentric distance; for the same eccentric distance, the visual performance of lower visual field was superior to the upper visual field, while the left visual field was superior to the right visual field, and the former difference was more apparent compared with the latter one. In the ergonomic study of display interface of man-computer, spatial effect of target display should be considered.

Keywords

Eye movement Spatial effect Visual search Workload Man-computer interface 

Notes

Acknowledgement

This research was funded by National Natural Science Fund (31170895), National Defence pre-research Fund (A0920132003), and Human Factors Engineering Key Laboratory Fund Project (HF2013-K-06).

References

  1. 1.
    Wang, J., Cai, W.: Ergonomics evaluation of human-machine interface based on spatial vision characteristics. Tactical Missile Technol. 33(6), 107–111 (2012). (in Chinese)MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Robert, P., Schaik, P.: The effect of spatial layout of and link color in web pages on performance in a visual search task and an interactive search task. Int. J. Hum. Comput. Stud. 59(23), 327–353 (2003)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Maehara, G., Okubo, M., Michimata, C.: Effects of background color on detecting spot stimuli in the upper and lower visual fields. Brain Cogn. 55(3), 558–563 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wang, H.Y., Bian, T.: Experiment evaluation of fighter’s interface layout based on eye tracking. Electron. Mach. Eng. 27(6), 50–53 (2011). (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Li, Y.M., Cao, L.R.: Overview of asymmetry in visual search. Ergonomics 45(2), 37–43 (2003). (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lee, B., Kaneoke, Y., Kakigi, R., et al.: Human brain response to visual stimulus between lower/upper visual fields and cerebral hemispheres. Int. J. Psychophysiol. 74(2), 81–87 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Previc, F.H.: Functional specialization in the lower and upper visual fields in humans: its ecological origins and neurophysiological implications. Behav. Brain Sci. 13(3), 519–542 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Thomas, N.A., Elias, L.J.: Upper and lower visual field differences in perceptual asymmetries. Brain Res. 1387, 108–115 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pomplun, M.: Saccadic selectivity in complex visual search displays. Vision. Res. 46(12), 1886–1900 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaoli Fan
    • 1
  • Zhongqi Liu
    • 1
  • Qianxiang Zhou
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fang Xie
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Biological Science and Medical EngineeringBeihang UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.General Technology DepartmentChina North Vehicle Research InstituteBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations