Designing a Vibrotactile Language for a Wearable Vest

  • Ann MorrisonEmail author
  • Hendrik Knoche
  • Cristina Manresa-Yee
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9187)


We designed a wearable vest that houses a set of actuators to be placed at specific points on the body. We developed vibrotactile patterns to induce five sensation types: (1) Calming, (2 patterns, Up and Down back) (2) Feel Good (4 patterns in different directions around the waist), (3) Activating (2 patterns, Tarzan and Shiver, on top front of body and then down the back as well for Shiver), (4) Navigation (2 patterns, Turn Left and Turn Right, prompting on back then opposite side front waist) for full body turning and (5) Warning, (1 pattern on solar plexus) to slow down or stop the wearers. We made an overlap between the pulses, which were of longer durations than the short burst saltation pulses designed to induce muscle movement. Our participants responded well to the Calming and Feel Good patterns, but reported mixed responses to Activation, Navigation and Warning patterns.


Wearable technology Vibrotactile patterns Calming effects 



We thank the volunteers for the field trials, our Kinesiologist Bettina Eriksen and Aalborg Kommune for support. This work is supported by the EU funded project CultAR (FP7-ICT-2011-9 601139).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ann Morrison
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hendrik Knoche
    • 1
  • Cristina Manresa-Yee
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Architecture, Design and Media TechnologyAalborg UniversityAalborgDenmark
  2. 2.Department of Mathematics and Computer ScienceUniversity of Balearic IslandsPalmaSpain

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