Patterns for User Interface Adaptations

Towards Runtime Adaptations for Improving the Usability of Web Forms for Elderly Users
  • Gottfried Zimmermann
  • Annkristin Stratmann
  • David Reeß
  • Tobias Glaser
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9193)


Websites and web applications that require user input via web forms can be a usability barrier for elderly users if not designed carefully. This issue is even compounded by a broad diversity of needs and preferences as observed in this group of users. In this paper, we report about a current study in which we prototypically implemented and empirically evaluated four exemplary patterns of user interface adaptation. These patterns allow for dynamic substitution and/or augmentation of user interface parts at runtime, with the goal of improving the individual usability for an elderly user in a specific use context. This approach could eventually lead to highly personalized web forms within GPII and URC enabled infrastructures.


User interface adaptation Personalized user interface Web forms Supplemental user interface resources GPII URC 


  1. 1.
    Pernice, K., Estes, J., Nielsen, J.: Senior Citizens on the Web, 2nd edn., Research report by Nielsen Norman Group. Accessed 2013
  2. 2.
    Gregor, P., Newell, A.F., Zajicek, M.: Designing for dynamic diversity: interfaces for older people. In: Proceedings of the Fifth International ACM Conference on Assistive Technologies, pp. 151–156. ACM, New York. doi:10.1145/638249.638277 (2002)
  3. 3.
    Redish, J., Chisnell, D.: Designing web sites for older adults: a review of recent research, AARP. Accessed 14 December 2004
  4. 4.
    Vanderheiden, G., Treviranus, J., Markus, K., Clark, C., Basman, A.: The global public inclusive infrastructure, Cloud4all and Prosperity4all. Assistive Technology: From Research to Practice, vol. 33, pp. 417–422. Presented at the AAATE 2013. IOS Press Ebooks, Villamoura, Portugal. doi:10.3233/978-1-61499-304-9-417 (2013)
  5. 5.
    Chisnell, D., Redish, J.: Designing web sites for older adults: expert review of usability for older adults at 50 web sites, AARP. Accessed 1 February 2005
  6. 6.
    Chisnell, D., Redish, J., Lee, A.: New heuristics for understanding older adults as web users. Tech. Commun. 53(1), 39–59 (2006)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kurniawan, S., Zaphiris, P.: Research-derived web design guidelines for older people. In: Proceedings of the 7th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility, pp. 129–135. ACM, New York. doi:10.1145/1090785.1090810 (2005)
  8. 8.
    NIA:. Making your website senior friendly. National Institute on Aging, March 2009. Accessed 15 August 2014
  9. 9.
    Chadwick-Dias, A., McNulty, M., Tullis, T.: Web usability and age: how design changes can improve performance. In: Proceedings of the 2003 Conference on Universal Usability, pp. 30–37. ACM, New York. doi:10.1145/957205.957212 (2003)
  10. 10.
    Zimmermann, G., Vanderheiden, G.C., Strobbe, C.: Towards deep adaptivity – a framework for the development of fully context-sensitive user interfaces. In: Stephanidis, C., Antona, M. (eds.) Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction Design and Development Methods for Universal Access, pp. 299–310. Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg (2014)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Loitsch, C., Stiegler, A., Strobbe, C., Tzovaras, D., Votis, K., Weber, G., Zimmermann, G.: Improving Accessibility by Matching User Needs and Preferences. In: Assistive Technology From Research to Practice, pp. 1357–1365. IOS Press, Vilamoura. doi:10.3233/978-1-61499-304-9-1357 (2013)
  12. 12.
    Peissner, M., Häbe, D., Schuller, A.: Adaptation concept and multimodal user interface patterns repository, FHG. Accessed 2011
  13. 13.
    Zimmermann, G., Vanderheiden, G., Ma, M., Gandy, M., Trewin, S., Laskowski, S., Walker, M.: Universal remote console standard - toward natural user interaction in ambient intelligence. In: Extended Abstracts of the 2004 Conference on Human Factors and Computing Systems - CHI 2004, p. 1608. ACM Press, New York. doi:10.1145/985921.986169 (2004)
  14. 14.
    Zimmermann, G., Wassermann, B.: Why we need a user interface resource server for intelligent environments. In: Workshops Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Intelligent Environments, vol. 4, pp. 209–216. IOS Press. doi:10.3233/978-1-60750-056-8-209 (2009)

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gottfried Zimmermann
    • 1
  • Annkristin Stratmann
    • 1
  • David Reeß
    • 1
  • Tobias Glaser
    • 1
  1. 1.Responsive User Interface Experience Research GroupStuttgart Media UniversityStuttgartGermany

Personalised recommendations