Oral Language and Communication Factors to Consider When Supporting People with FASD Involved with the Legal System

  • Linda Hand
  • Megan Pickering
  • Sally Kedge
  • Clare McCann
Chapter
Part of the International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine book series (LIME, volume 63)

Abstract

Difficulties with oral language are always present for those with FASD. However, it is not always easy to appreciate where language skills are involved, as other areas such as cognition, behaviour, social skills and emotional regulation frequently involve communication skills, and they can be hard to separate. At this level, skills are complex and interactive. However improving communication skills can have spin-off effects on the other areas. This chapter outlines how communication skills are so often involved in the trouble that young people with FASD have with the law, and considers what advice is available to help with oral language problems.

References

  1. Bodaly, K. 2011. FASD and communication disability: Strategies for youth in the legal system. A curriculum for professionals working with youth in the justice system. Professional participants’ manual. British Columbia, Canada: The Asante Centre for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.Google Scholar
  2. Becker, M., Warr-Leeper, G. A., and Leeper, H. A. 1990. Fetal alcohol syndrome: a description of oral motor, articulatory, short-term memory, grammatical, and semantic abilities. Journal of Communication Disorders 23:97–124.Google Scholar
  3. Brown, P., and S. Levinson. 1987. Politeness; some universals in language usage, 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Catts, H.W., and A.G. Kamhi eds. 2005. Language and reading disabilities. Boston: Pearson.Google Scholar
  5. Chudley, A., J. Conry, J. Cook, C. Loock, T. Rosales, and N. LeBlanc. 2005. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Canadian guidelines for diagnosis. Canadian Medical Association Journal 172(5 suppl): S1–S21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Coggins, T.E., G. Timler, and L. Olswang. 2007. A State of double Jeopardy: Impact of prenatal alcohol exposure and adverse environments on the social communicative abilities of school-age children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. Language Speech and Hearing Services in Schools 38(2): 117–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Conry, J., and D.K. Fast. 2000. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and the criminal justice system. Vancouver: Law Foundation of British Columbia.Google Scholar
  8. Conry, J., and K. Asante. 2010. Youth probation officers guide to RASD screening and referral. Canada: Asante Centre for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. http://www.asantecentre.org/_Library/docs/Youth_Probation_Officers_Guide_to_FASD_Screening_and_Referral_Booklet_Format_.pdf.
  9. Cross, M. 2011. Children with social, emotional and behavioural difficulties and communication problems: There is always a reason (2nd ed). London: Jessica Kingsley.Google Scholar
  10. Department of Health (UK). 2011. Positive practice positive outcomes: A handbook for professionals in the criminal justice system working with offenders with learning disabilities. Leeds. http://www.gov.uk/government/publications/positive-practice-positive-outcomes-a-handbook-for-professionals-in-the-criminal-justice-system-working-with-offenders-with-a-learning-disability.
  11. Gregory, J., and K. Bryan. 2009. Evaluation of the leeds speech and language therapy service provision within the intensive supervision and surveillance programme provided by the leeds youth offending team leeds, The University of Surrey/National Health Service. Leeds. http://www.leedscommunityhealthcare.nhs.uk/document.php?o=2803.
  12. Hughes, N., H. Williams, P. Chitsabesan, R. Davies, and L. Mounce. 2012. Nobody made the connection: The prevalence of neurodisability in young people who offend. Office of the Children’s Commissioner, UK. www.childrenscommissioner.gov.uk/content/publications/content_633.
  13. Kellerman, T. 2000–2002. Secondary disabilities in FASD. http://www.come-over.to/FAS/fasconf.htm.
  14. Lanz, R. 2009. Speech and language therapy within the Milton Keynes youth offending team. A summary report outlining the findings of 4 month pilot project examining the speech, language and communication needs of the young people accessing the Milton Keynes youth offending team. Unpublished report.Google Scholar
  15. Mattson, S.N., and E.P. Riley. 1998. A review of the neurobehavioral deficits in children with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome or prenatal exposure to alcohol. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research 22(2): 279–294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mattson, S. N., N. Crocker, and Tanya T. Nguyen. 2011. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: Neuropsychological and behavioral features. Neuropsychology Review 21(2):81–101.Google Scholar
  17. Sellman, D., and J. Connor. 2009. In utero brain damage from alcohol: A preventable tragedy. New Zealand Medical Journal 122 (1306): 6–8.Google Scholar
  18. Snow, P. and M. Powell. 2012. Youth (in)justice: Oral language competence in early life and risk for engagement in antisocial behaviour in adolescence. Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice 435:1–6 (Australian Institute of Criminology).Google Scholar
  19. Streissguth, A.P., H.M. Barr, J. Kogan, and F.L. Bookstein. 1996. Understanding the occurrence of secondary disabilities in clients with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol effects (FAE). Final report to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), August, 1996, Seattle: University of Washington, Fetal Alcohol & Drug Unit, Technical report No. 96-06.Google Scholar
  20. Yee, D. (nd). Keep out! (of the criminal justice system). http://www.come-over.to/FAS/keepout.htm.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Linda Hand
    • 1
  • Megan Pickering
    • 2
  • Sally Kedge
    • 1
  • Clare McCann
    • 1
  1. 1.Talking Trouble Aotearoa New Zealand The University of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.Hawkes Bay District Health BoardWaipukurauNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations