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The Neurobiology of Executive Function Under Stress and Optimization of Performance

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9183)

Abstract

Much basic and clinical research to date has investigated predictors of stress resilience and vulnerability, indicating, for example, that broad impact neurobiological factors, such as neuropeptide Y (NPY) and neuroactive steroids, are mechanistically related to short term stress resilience, as well as longterm patterns of stress-related medical and neuropsychiatric comorbidities. The problem is that we lack good methods for identifying predictors of stress resilience or vulnerability at an individual level, so that human performance and therapeutic interventions can be targeted precisely to underlying points of malfunction for maximum effectiveness. We thus propose modified experimental designs that capitalize on our growing capacities to query and analyze multimodal data across the translational levels of human biology and behavior. We propose that use of these methods in studies of individuals participating in intense military training or returning from deployment could enable better prediction of performance, and development of more effective personalized interventions aimed at optimizing and maintaining stress resilience over time.

Keywords

Resilience PTSD Translational neuroscience Neuropeptide Y Allopregnanolone Neuroactive steroids Predictive algorithms Functional data analysis Non-linear modeling Machine learning 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.VA Boston Healthcare System and Boston UniversityBostonUSA
  2. 2.Draper LaboratoryCambridgeUSA

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