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Advisory Summary and Introduction to LNG (and LPG)

  • Ralph G. Scurlock
Chapter
  • 680 Downloads
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Energy book series (BRIEFSENERGY)

Abstract

If two non-boiling liquids at ambient temperatures are mixed (say diesel and gasoline fuels) the heat of mixing causes the temperature of the mixture to rise; that’s all.

If two LNG liquids with different compositions, or LPG liquids, are mixed at atmospheric pressure, the heat of mixing will create a large volume of boil-off vapour.

This chapter introduces this and other differences between ambient temperature and cryogenic temperature liquid mixtures, which need to be understood by all users.

The chapter begins with a summary of 15 points towards efficient storage, handling and use, together with some recommendations to prevent stratification and unstable evaporation behaviour, including roll-over.

The chapter concludes with a list of definitions of terms used throughout this monograph.

Keywords

Normal Boiling Point Cryogenic Liquid Vapour Cloud Wall Superheat Subcooled Liquid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Scurlock, R.G.: Storage and Handling of Cryogenic Liquids: The Application of Cryogenic Fluid Dynamics. Kryos, Southampton (2006)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Scurlock, R.: Review of rollover and other mixing phenomena in LNG and other cryogenic liquid mixtures. In: Proc. Gastech 2011, Amsterdam (2011)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Scurlock, R.: LNG/LPG and cryogenics. Gasworld 39, 44 (2008)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Haynes, W.M., Kidnay, A.J., Olien, N.A., Hiza, M.J.: States of thermophysical properties data for pure fluids and mixtures of cryogenic interest. Adv. Cryog. Eng. 29, 919 (1983)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Scurlock, R.G.: History and Origins of Cryogenics. Oxford University Press, Oxford (1992)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ralph G. Scurlock
    • 1
  1. 1.University of SouthamptonSouthamptonUK

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