Disorientation Factors that Affect the Situation Awareness of the Visually Impaired Individuals in Unfamiliar Indoor Environments

  • Abdulrhman AlkhaniferEmail author
  • Stephanie Ludi
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9178)


Developing situational awareness for individuals with visual impairments can be a challenging process, as designers need to understand the environmental aspects as well as the users’ needs. In unfamiliar indoor open spaces, individuals with visual impairments need to work around multiple disorientation factors that can affect their orientation and situation awareness levels. In this work, we report our experience and results of longitudinal user studies that were designed to facilitate cues that help raise the situation awareness level of individuals with visual impairments when exploring unfamiliar indoor open spaces. Through our results, we explain in detail users’ disorientation factors in such environments.


Visual Impairment Indoor Environment User Study Situation Awareness Assistive Technology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Authors would like to express their gratitude to all participants. Also, the first author would like to thank King Saud University in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia for the scholarship.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Computing and Information Science ProgramRochester Institute of Technology (RIT)RochesterUSA
  2. 2.Software Engineering DepartmentRochester Institute of Technology (RIT)RochesterUSA

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