Toward Private and Independent Accessible Write-In Voting: A Multimodal Prediction Approach

  • Shanee Dawkins
  • Wanda EugeneEmail author
  • Tamirat Abegaz
  • Juan E. Gilbert
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9178)


The overall objective of this research is to design a multimodal system to write-in a candidate’s name that addresses the issues of time, privacy, and accessibility. In order to determine if these issues were met, the design is analyzed and compared against alternate methods of writing-in a candidate’s name. An experiment was performed to assess two aspects of the multimodal system: speech interaction and switch interaction. The research intends to capture and analyze the efficiency and effectiveness of writing-in a candidate’s name anonymously through multimodal interactions. Though the essence of this research embodies universal of design for everyone everywhere, the design and experiments put forth in this paper will focus on the U.S. voting population.


Accessibility Universally usable interfaces Electronic voting systems Multimodal interaction Text prediction 


  1. 1.
    Keele, L., Titiunik, R., Zubizarreta, J.: Enhancing a geographic regression discontinuity design through matching to estimate the effect of ballot initiatives on voter turnout. J. R. Stat. Soc: Ser. A 178(1), 223–239 (2012)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mauer, R.: Miller Files Suit in State Court Over Senate Vote Count. Anchorage Daily News (2010).
  3. 3.
    Mace, R., Hardie, G., Plaice, J.: Accessible environments: toward universal design. In: Preiser, W.E., Vischer, J.C., White, E.T. (eds.) Design Interventions: Toward A More Humane Architecture, p. 156. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York (1991)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Voluntary Voting System Guidelines Recommendations to the Election Assistance Commission (2007).
  5. 5.
  6. 6.
    North Carolina State University Center for Universal Design (2008).
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
    Independent, Secret and Verifiable: A Guide to Making Voting an Independent and Accessible Process for People Who Are Blind and Visually Impaired . American Council of the Blind, September 2002.
  9. 9.
    Dix, A., Finlay, J., Abowd, G., Beale, R.: Human Computer Interaction, 3rd edn. Prentice Hall, London (2004). ISBN 0-13-046109-1Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    State of Alaska Division of Elections. General Election Results (2010).
  11. 11.
    Prime III: One Machine, One Vote for Everyone.
  12. 12.
    United States Census Bureau (2011).
  13. 13.
    Butler, R. (2005).

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shanee Dawkins
    • 1
    • 4
  • Wanda Eugene
    • 2
    Email author
  • Tamirat Abegaz
    • 3
  • Juan E. Gilbert
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and Software EngineeringAuburn UniversityAuburnUSA
  2. 2.Computer and Information Science and Engineering DepartmentUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  3. 3.School of ComputingClemson UniversityClemsonUSA
  4. 4.National Institute of Standards and TechnologyGaithersburgUSA

Personalised recommendations