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A Virtual Reality Driving Environment for Training Safe Gaze Patterns: Application in Individuals with ASD

  • Joshua WadeEmail author
  • Dayi Bian
  • Jing Fan
  • Lian Zhang
  • Amy Swanson
  • Medha Sarkar
  • Amy Weitlauf
  • Zachary Warren
  • Nilanjan Sarkar
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9177)

Abstract

It has been well established that adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) present social and behavioral characteristics that differ significantly from those of their peers without ASD. A growing number of recent studies have begun to look closely at automobile operation characteristics in individuals diagnosed with ASD. Some of this work has suggested that certain driving behaviors demonstrated by those with ASD may pose significant safety concerns to both themselves and other drivers. Expanding on previous work, we designed and tested a gaze-contingent driving intervention system in which drivers were required to not only perform well, but also to look at key regions of interest in the environment such as traffic lights, stop signs, pedestrians and side-view mirrors. We present preliminary results from a study comparing performance outcomes and eye gaze patterns in a group using the gaze-contingent system and a group using a gaze-insensitive, performance-based system.

Keywords

Virtual reality Eye gaze Autism intervention 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This work was supported in part by the National Institute of Health Grant 1R01MH091102-01A1, National Science Foundation Grant 0967170 and the Hobbs Society Grant from the Vanderbilt Kennedy Center.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joshua Wade
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dayi Bian
    • 1
  • Jing Fan
    • 1
  • Lian Zhang
    • 1
  • Amy Swanson
    • 2
  • Medha Sarkar
    • 5
  • Amy Weitlauf
    • 2
    • 3
  • Zachary Warren
    • 2
    • 3
  • Nilanjan Sarkar
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Electrical Engineering and Computer ScienceNashvilleUSA
  2. 2.Treatment and Research Institute for Autism Spectrum Disorders (TRIAD)NashvilleUSA
  3. 3.Pediatrics, Psychiatry and Special EducationNashvilleUSA
  4. 4.Mechanical EngineeringVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA
  5. 5.Computer ScienceMiddle Tennessee State UniversityMurfreesboroUSA

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