ROS as Key Players of Abiotic Stress Responses in Plants

  • Nobuhiro SuzukiEmail author


Despite their toxic potential, reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an integral role as signaling molecules in the regulation of a broad range of biological processes such as growth, development, and responses to biotic and/or abiotic stimuli in plants. To some extent, various functions of ROS signaling are attributed to differences in the regulatory mechanisms of respiratory burst oxidase homologs (RBOHs) that are involved in a multitude of different signal transduction pathways activated in assorted tissue and cell types under fluctuating environmental conditions. To acclimate or survive under abiotic stress conditions, plants possess powerful strategies involving systemic signaling, retrograde signaling, and programmed cell death (PCD), in which ROS signals are integrated with other pathways to generate highly coordinated signaling networks. In this chapter, beneficial roles of ROS as signaling molecules in the regulation of abiotic stress responses in plants will be addressed.


Abiotic stress Hormones NADPH oxidase Programmed cell death Redox signaling ROS signal Systemic signaling Retrograde signaling 



Abscisic acid


ABA-insensitive 4


1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid


A membrane-bound NAC 017


Alternative oxidase


Ascorbate peroxidase


B-cell lymphoma 2




Calcium-dependent protein kinases


Constitutive triple response 1




Enhanced disease susceptibility 1


Ethylene-insensitive 2


Excess excitation energy


Genomes uncoupled 1


Indole-3-acetic acid


Jasmonic acid


Lesion simulating disease 1


Mitogen-activated protein kinase


Non-photochemical quenching


Methyl jasmonate


Open stomata 1


Phosphatidic acid


Programmed cell death


Phytoalexin-deficient 4


Pleiotropic response locus 1




Respiratory burst oxidase homolog


Reactive oxygen species


Salicylic acid


Systemic acquired acclimation


Systemic acquired resistance


Salicylic acid induction deficient 2


Two-pore channel 1


Vacuolar processing enzymes



This work was supported by funding from Sophia University in Japan.


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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials and Life Sciences, Faculty of Science and TechnologySophia UniversityTokyoJapan

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