Characterization of Pipe-Flow Turbulence and Mass Transfer in a Curved Swirling Flow Behind an Orifice

  • N. FujisawaEmail author
  • R. Watanabe
  • T. Yamagata
  • N. Kanatani
Conference paper
Part of the ERCOFTAC Series book series (ERCO, volume 23)


This paper deals with the extraction of turbulent structure correlated with the wall mass transfer in a curved swirling pipe flow behind an orifice. The cross-sectional velocity field behind the orifice is measured by the Stereo Particle Image Velocimetry (SPIV) and the results are analyzed by the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD). The instantaneous velocity field shows the asymmetric vortex structure in the cross section due to the combined effect of the swirling flow and the secondary flow generated at the upstream elbow. The POD analysis indicates that the highly turbulent flow is generated on the upper left-hand side of the pipe in the lower POD modes suggesting the occurrence of high wall-thinning rate due to the mass transfer enhancement, while that of the higher modes do not show such asymmetry. This result suggests that the lower POD modes of the velocity field contribute to the non-axisymmetric pipe-wall thinning behind an orifice in a curved swirling flow.


Particle Image Velocimetry Proper Orthogonal Decomposition Mass Transfer Rate Turbulent Energy Proper Orthogonal Decomposition Mode 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    P. Aranyi, G. Janiga, K. Zahringer, D. Thevenin, Analysis of different POD methods for PIV; measurements in complex unsteady flows. Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow 43, 204–211 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. Berkooz, P. Holmes, J.L. Lumley, The proper orthogonal decomposition in the analysis of turbulent flows. Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 25, 539–575 (1993)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Bernero, H.E. Fielder, Application of particle image velocimetry and proper orthogonal decomposition on the study of a jet in counterflow. Exp. Fluids 29, S274–S281 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    R.B. Dooley, Flow-accelerated corrosion in fossil and combined cycle/HRSG plants. Power Plant Chem. 10, 68–89 (2008)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Escudier, Vortex breakdown, observations and explanations. Prog. Aerosp. Sci. 25, 189–229 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    N. Fujisawa, T. Yamagata, S. Kanno, A. Ito, T. Takano, The mechanism of asymmetric pipe-wall thinning behind an orifice by combined effect of swirling flow and orifice bias. Nucl. Eng. Des. 252, 19–26 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    N. Fujisawa, T. Yamagata, T. Takano, N. Kanatani, K. Iwata, A. Ishizuka, Experimental and numerical study on pipe-wall-thinning by swirling flow through complex pipeline geometry, in Proceedings of 12th Asian Symposium on Visualization, Tainan, Taiwan, ASV12-K3 (2013)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. Funatani, N. Fujisawa, Simultaneous measurement of temperature and three velocity components in planar cross section by liquid-crystal thermometry combined with stereoscopic particle image velocimetry. Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1197–1205 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    L. Graftieaux, M. Michard, N. Grosjean, Combining PIV, POD and vortex identification algorithms for the study of unsteady turbulent swirling flows. Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 1422–1429 (2001)zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    K.M. Hwang, T.E. Jin, K.H. Kim, Identification of relationship between local velocity components and local wall thinning inside carbon steel piping. J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 46, 469–478 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Kiuchi, N. Fujisawa, S. Tomimatsu, Performance of PIV system for combusting flow and its application to spray combustor model. J. Vis. 8, 269–276 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. Kostas, J. Soria, M.S. Chong, A comparison between snapshot POD analysis of PIV velocity and vorticity data. Exp. Fluids 38, 146–160 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Z.-C. Liu, R.J. Adrian, T.J. Hanratty, Large-scale modes of turbulent channel flow: transport and structure. J. Fluid Mech. 448, 53–80 (2001)zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    NISA, Secondary piping rupture accident at Mihama power station, unit 3, of the Kansai Electric Power Company, Inc. (2005)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. Ohkubo, S. Kanno, T. Yamagata, T. Takano, N. Fujisawa, Occurrence of asymmetrical flow pattern behind an orifice in a circular pipe. J. Vis. 14, 15–17 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    M. Raffel, C. Willert, J. Kompenhans, Particle Image Velocimetry, vol. 174 (Springer, Heidelberg, 1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    F. Shan, A. Fujishiro, T. Tsuneyoshi, Y. Tsuji, Effects of flow field on the wall mass transfer rate behind a circular orifice in a round pipe. Int. J. Heat Mass Transf. 73, 542–550 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    S.M. Soloff, R.J. Adrian, Z.C. Liu, Distortion compensation for generalized stereoscopic particle image velocimetry. Meas. Sci. Technol. 8, 1441–1454 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    T. Sydberger, U. Lotz, Relation between mass transfer and corrosion in a turbulent pipe flow. J. Electrochem. Soc. 129, 276–283 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    T. Takano, T. Yamagata, Y. Sato, N. Fujisawa, Non-axisymmetric mass transfer phenomenon behind an orifice in a curved swirling flow. J. Flow Control Meas. Vis. 1, 1–5 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Y. Utanohara, Y. Nagaya, A. Nakamura, M. Murase, Influence of local flow field on flow accelerated corrosion downstream from an orifice. J. Power Energy Syst. 6, 18–33 (2012)zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    T. Yamagata, A. Ito, Y. Sato, N. Fujisawa, Experimental and numerical studies on mass transfer characteristics behind an orifice in a circular pipe for application to pipe-wall thinning. Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci. 52, 239–247 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    K. Yoneda, R. Morita, M. Satake, I. Inada, Quantitative evaluation of effective factors on flow accelerated corrosion (part 2), Modelling of mass transfer coefficient with hydraulic features at wall. CRIEPI Research Report, No. L07015 (2008) pp. 1–33Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Fujisawa
    • 1
    Email author
  • R. Watanabe
    • 2
  • T. Yamagata
    • 1
  • N. Kanatani
    • 2
  1. 1.Visualization Research CenterNiigata UniversityNiigataJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of Science and TechnologyNiigata UniversityNiigataJapan

Personalised recommendations