On Minimum Aspect Ratio for Experimental Duct Flow Facilities

  • Ricardo Vinuesa
  • Eduard Bartrons
  • Daniel Chiu
  • Jean-Daniel Rüedi
  • Philipp Schlatter
  • Aleksandr Obabko
  • Hassan M. NagibEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the ERCOFTAC Series book series (ERCO, volume 23)


To the surprise of some of our colleagues, we recently recommended aspect ratios of at least 24 (instead of accepted values over last few decades ranging from 5 to 12) to minimize effects of sidewalls in turbulent duct flow experiments, in order to approximate the two-dimensional channel flow. Here we compile available results from hydraulics and civil engineering literature, where this was already documented in the 1980s. This is of great importance due to the large amount of computational studies (mainly Direct Numerical Simulations) for spanwise-periodic turbulent channel flows, and the extreme complexity of constructing a fully developed duct flow facility with aspect ratio of 24 for high Reynolds number with adequate probe resolution. Results from this nontraditional literature for the turbulence community are compared to our recent database of DNS of turbulent duct flows with aspect ratios ranging from 1 to 18 and \(Re_{\tau ,c} \simeq 180\) and 330, leading to very good agreement between their experimental and our computational results.


Aspect Ratio Wall Shear Stress Direct Numerical Simulation Secondary Vortex Turbulent Channel Flow 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ricardo Vinuesa
    • 1
    • 3
  • Eduard Bartrons
    • 1
  • Daniel Chiu
    • 1
  • Jean-Daniel Rüedi
    • 2
  • Philipp Schlatter
    • 3
  • Aleksandr Obabko
    • 4
  • Hassan M. Nagib
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.MMAE DepartmentIllinois Institute of TechnologyChicagoUSA
  2. 2.II Facoltà di IngegneriaUniversità di BolognaForlíItaly
  3. 3.Linné FLOW CentreKTH MechanicsStockholmSweden
  4. 4.MCSArgonne National LaboratoryArgonneUSA

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