Photoionization Time Delays

  • J. Marcus Dahlström
  • Morgane Vacher
  • Alfred Maquet
  • Jérémie Caillat
  • Stefan HaesslerEmail author
Part of the Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics book series (SSAOPP, volume 86)


The material presented in this chapter is based on important advances realized in “attophysics” which make feasible to follow the motion of electrons in atoms and molecules with attosecond-level time resolution. In this context, time-delays have been recently determined in the process of photoionization by extreme-ultra-violet (XUV) pulses and the question of the significance of these measured delays arises. As we shall outline here, numerical experiments show that they are intimately related to the structure of the ionized species’ continuous spectrum. Another point addressed here is that, in experiments, the measurements have the common characteristic to be performed in the presence of an auxiliary infra-red (IR) field, used to “clock” the timing of the process. This implies to adapt the theory treatment to handle such “two-color” photoionization processes. We review a systematic analysis of these features that are characteristic of this class of electronic transitions, when viewed in the time domain.


Wave Packet Attosecond Pulse Scatter Phase Shift Photoionization Process Electron Wave Packet 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We acknowledge that elements of this chapter are reproduced from [13, 63].


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Marcus Dahlström
    • 1
    • 2
  • Morgane Vacher
    • 3
  • Alfred Maquet
    • 4
    • 5
  • Jérémie Caillat
    • 4
    • 5
  • Stefan Haessler
    • 6
    • 7
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsStockholm University, AlbaNova University CenterStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Max-Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex SystemsDresdenGermany
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryImperial College LondonLondonUnited Kingdom
  4. 4.UPMC, UMR 7614Laboratoire de Chimie Physique - Matière et Rayonnement 11Paris Cedex 05France
  5. 5.CNRS, UMR 7614Laboratoire de Chimie Physique - Matière et Rayonnement 11Paris Cedex 05France
  6. 6.Photonics InstituteVienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria
  7. 7.LOAENSTA ParisTech, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, Université Paris-SaclayPalaiseau CedexFrance

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