Travel: Here, There, Everywhere

  • N. F. Gray


Travel and transportation is a major component of our personal and business footprints as well as a key source of global greenhouse gases. In this chapter we explore travel emissions in detail and how to minimize them.


Public Transport Carbon Footprint Road Transport Emission Trading Scheme CO2e Emission 
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References and Further Reading

  1. BTS. (2014). National household travel survey. Washington, DC: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, US Department of Transportation. Retrieved from
  2. CSO. (2014). Profile 10: Door to door commuting in Ireland. Dublin, Ireland: Central Statistical Office. Retrieved from,10,Full,Document.pdf
  3. Defra. (2008). 2008 guidelines to Defra’s GHG conversion. Factors: Methodology paper for transport emission factors. London, England: Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Retrieved from
  4. ICCT. (2014). The European vehicle market statistics pocketbook 2014. Berlin, Germany: The International Council on Clean Transportation. Retrieved from
  5. IPPC. (2007). Climate change 2007: Synthesis report. IPCC fourth assessment report. Geneva, Switzerland: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
  6. Kenny, T., & Gray, N. F. (2009). A preliminary survey of household and personal carbon dioxide emissions in Ireland. Environment International, 35, 259–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. ONS. (2014). 2011 Census analysis, distance travelled to work. London, England: Office for National Statistics. Retrieved from
  8. Travis, D. J., Carleton, A. M., & Lauritsen, R. G. (2002). Contrails reduce daily temperature range. Nature, 418, 601. doi: 10.1038/418601a.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. F. Gray
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for the EnvironmentTrinity College, University of DublinDublinIreland

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