Energy: Green or Otherwise

  • N. F. Gray


Energy demand is expected to rise by 30 % globally by 2040, so how will this extra energy be generated and what effect will this have on greenhouse gas emissions? In this chapter we discuss energy use and the future of specific energy sources, including how energy consumption can be minimized.


Renewable Energy Wind Turbine Wind Farm Energy Usage Energy Information Administration 
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References and Further Reading

  1. BP. (2014). BP statistical review of world energy June 2014. London, England: BP plc. Retrieved from
  2. EIA. (2014). Annual energy outlook 2014 with projections to 2040. Report: DOE/EIA-0383(2014). Washington, DC: US Energy Information Administration. Retrieved from
  3. National Grid. (2011). UK future energy scenarios. Warwick, England: National Grid plc. Retrieved from
  4. REDISS. (2013). European residual mixes 2012. Results of the calculation of residual mixes for purposes of electricity disclosure in Europe for the calendar year 2012. Brussels, Belgium: Reliable Disclosure Systems for Europe, European Union. Retrieved from
  5. SEAI. (2013). Energy in Ireland 1990-2012: 2013 Report. Dublin, Ireland: Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland. Retrieved from

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. F. Gray
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for the EnvironmentTrinity College, University of DublinDublinIreland

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