Ecological Footprint

  • N. F. Gray


To tackle the problem of global warming and climate change effectively we need reliable measures of both the impact of man’s activities as well as the ability of planet Earth to sustain us. Here we are going to explore ecological and sustainability measures and indicators.


Ecological Footprint Water Footprint Sustainable Consumption World Wildlife Fund Sustainable Development Strategy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References and Further Reading

  1. Briggs, J. (2013). The EUREAPA technical report (methodology). Godalming, England: One Planet Economy Network. Retrieved from
  2. European Commission. (2005). Thematic strategy on the sustainable use of natural resources—Commission staff working document. Annexes to the Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. COM(2005) 670 final. Retrieved from
  3. Galli, A., Wiedmann, T., Ercin, E., Knoblauch, D., Ewing, B., & Giljum, S. (2011). Integrating ecological, carbon and water footprint: Defining the footprint family and its application in tracking human pressure on the planet (Technical Document 28). Godalming, England: One Planet Economy Network. Retrieved from
  4. GFN. (2010). Ecological footprint Atlas 2010. Oakland, CA: Global Footprint Network. Retrieved from
  5. GLA. (2003). London’s ecological footprint: A review. London, England: Greater London Authority.Google Scholar
  6. McRae, L., Freeman, R., & Deinet, S. (2014). The living planet index. In: R. McLellan, L. Iyengar, B. Jeffries, & N. Oerlemans (Eds.), Living Planet Report 2014: Species and spaces, people and places. Gland, Switzerland: WWF. Retrieved from
  7. Rees, W., & Moore, J. (2013). Ecological footprints, fair Earth-shares and urbanization. In R. Vale & B. Vale (Eds.), Living within a fair share ecological footprint (pp. 3–32). Oxford, England: Earthscan.Google Scholar
  8. Wakernagel, M., & Rees, W. (1996). Our ecological footprint: Reducing human impact on earth. Philadelphia, PA: New Society.Google Scholar

Home of Ecological Footprinting

Finance and Sustainable Development

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. F. Gray
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for the EnvironmentTrinity College, University of DublinDublinIreland

Personalised recommendations