The Planet’s Health

  • N. F. Gray


In this chapter we explore the processes that control the planet’s ecosystems and how global warming is altering them. The contribution from natural processes are compared to those from man’s activities.Sea level rise, ocean acidification, permafrost, methane hydrate, wildfires are all considered along with the concept of tipping points.


Global Warming Methane Hydrate Seawater Acidity Planet Health Natural Carbon Cycle 
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References and Further Reading

  1. Church, J. A., & White, N. J. (2011). Sea-level rise from the late 19th to the early 21st century. Surveys in Geophysics, 32, 585–602.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. IPPC. (2007). The AR4 synthesis report. Geneva, Switzerland: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Retrieved from
  3. Levermann, A., Bamber, J., Drijfhout, S., Ganopolski, A., Haeberli, W., Harris, N. R. P., …, Weber S. (2012). Potential climatic transitions with profound impact on Europe: Review of the current state of six ‘tipping elements of the climate system.’ Climate Change, 110, 848–878. Retrieved from

Climate Change in General

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. F. Gray
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for the EnvironmentTrinity College, University of DublinDublinIreland

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