In this chapter we explore the processes that control the planet’s ecosystems and how global warming is altering them. The contribution from natural processes are compared to those from man’s activities.Sea level rise, ocean acidification, permafrost, methane hydrate, wildfires are all considered along with the concept of tipping points.
KeywordsGlobal Warming Methane Hydrate Seawater Acidity Planet Health Natural Carbon Cycle
References and Further Reading
- IPPC. (2007). The AR4 synthesis report. Geneva, Switzerland: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Retrieved from http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/contents.html
- Levermann, A., Bamber, J., Drijfhout, S., Ganopolski, A., Haeberli, W., Harris, N. R. P., …, Weber S. (2012). Potential climatic transitions with profound impact on Europe: Review of the current state of six ‘tipping elements of the climate system.’ Climate Change, 110, 848–878. Retrieved from http://www.pik-potsdam.de/~anders/publications/levermann_bamber12.pdf