Smart Study: Pen and Paper-Based E-Learning

  • Dieter Van Thienen
  • Pejman Sajjadi
  • Olga De Troyer
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 41)

Abstract

Smart Study is an educational platform allowing learners to continue using pen and paper for exercise solving, accomplished by using a digital pen and Anoto paper. Handwritten solutions are digitalized, automatically corrected, and animated feedback is provided by means of a tablet device. By using pen and paper, read-write learners can still use their preferred learning method while other types of learners can practice their handwriting. The use of a tablet for feedback and additional information makes it a lightweight and mobile platform, easy to use by children. The platform was evaluated by means of a case study involving a group of 15 children, showing that they were more motivated than usual and enjoyed making exercises using the Smart Study platform.

Keywords

E-Learning Digital pen Interactive paper Tablet Read-write learners 

References

  1. 1.
    LeapFrog: Leapfrog. http://www.leapfrog.com
  2. 2.
    Mackay, W.E., Pothier, G., Letondal, C., Bøegh, K., Sørensen, H.E.: The missing link: augmenting biology laboratory notebooks. In: Proceedings of the 15th Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology, pp. 41–50. ACM (2002)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Arai, T., Aust, D., Hudson, S.E.: Paperlink: a technique for hyperlinking from real paper to electronic content. In: Proceedings of the ACM SIGCHI Conference on Human factors in computing systems, pp. 327–334. ACM (1997)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Luff, P., Heath, C., Norrie, M., Signer, B., Herdman, P.: Only touching the surface: creating affinities between digital content and paper. In: Proceedings of the 2004 ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work, pp. 523–532. ACM (2004)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Harebrained Schemes LLC: Golem Arcana. http://www.golemarcana.com
  6. 6.
    Berque, D., Bonebright, T., Whitesell, M.: Using pen-based computers across the computer science curriculum. In: ACM SIGCSE Bulletin, vol. 36, pp. 61–65. ACM (2004)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Miura, M., Kunifuji, S., Shizuki, B., Tanaka, J.: Airtransnote: augmented class- rooms with digital pen devices and rfid tags. In: IEEE International Workshop on Wireless and Mobile Technologies in Education 2005 (WMTE 2005), pp. 56–58. IEEE (2005)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sugihara, T., Miura, T., Miura, M., Kunifuji, S.: Examining the effects of the simultaneous display of students’ responses using a digital pen system on class activity-a case study of an early elementary school in Japan. In: 2010 IEEE 10th International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT), pp. 294–296. IEEE (2010)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Miura, M., Sugihara, T., Kunifuji, S.: Improvement of digital pen learning system for daily use in classrooms. Educ. Technol. Res. 34, 49–57 (2011)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Liu, Z., Stork, D.G.: Is paperless really more? Commun. ACM 43(11), 94–97 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sellen, A., Harper, R.: The Myth of the Paperless Office. MIT Press (2003)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    BBC, Finland: Typing takes over as handwriting lessons end. http://www.bbc.com/news/blogs-news-from-elsewhere-30146160
  13. 13.
    Feder, K.P., Majnemer, A.: Handwriting development, competency, and intervention. Dev. Med. Child Neurol. 49(4), 312–317 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mueller, P.A., Oppenheimer, D.M.: The pen is mightier than the keyboard advantages of longhand over laptop note taking. Psychological science, p. 0956797614524581 (2014)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ozok, A.A., Benson, D., Chakraborty, J., Norcio, A.F.: A comparative study between tablet and laptop pcs: user satisfaction and preferences. Int. J. Hum.-Comput. Interact. 24(3), 329–352 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Thayer, A.: The myth of the paperless school: replacing printed texts with E-readers. In: Proceedings of the Child Computer Interaction, pp. 18–21 (2011)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    James, W.B., Gardner, D.L.: Learning styles: implications for distance learning. New Dir. Adult Continuing Educ. 1995(67), 19–31 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Fleming, N., Baume, D.: Learning styles again: varking up the right tree!. Educ. Dev. 7(4), 4 (2006)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Curry, L.: A critique of the research on learning styles. Educ. Leadersh. 48(2) (1990)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Coffield, F., Moseley, D., Hall, E., Ecclestone, K., et al.: Learning styles and pedagogy in post-16 learning: a systematic and critical review (2004)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
  22. 22.
    Anoto: The Pattern. http://www2.anoto.com/the-paper-3.aspx (2014)
  23. 23.
    Donker, A.: Human factors in educational software for young children. Phd thesis, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (2005)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Van Thienen, D.: Smart study: an educational platform using digital pen and paper. Master’s thesis, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (2014)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dieter Van Thienen
    • 1
  • Pejman Sajjadi
    • 1
  • Olga De Troyer
    • 1
  1. 1.Vrije Universiteit BrusselDepartment of Computer Science, WISEBrusselsBelgium

Personalised recommendations